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CASE REPORT
KA Kamala, S Sankethguddad, SG Sujith

Ludwig’s Angina – Emergency Treatment

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:46-48][No of Hits : 4961]


ABSTRACT

Ludwig’s angina is a form of severe diffuse cellulitis that presents an acute onset and spreads rapidly, bilaterally affecting the submandibular, sublingual, and submental spaces resulting in a state of emergency. Early diagnosis and immediate treatment planning could be a life-saving procedure. Here, we report a case of Ludwig’s angina successfully treated by surgical decompression under antibiotic coverage.

Keywords: Ludwig’s angina, Management, Odontogenic infection.

How to cite this article: Kamala KA, Sankethguddad S, Sujith SG. Ludwig’s Angina: Emergency Treatment. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):46-48.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Anuj Bhardwaj, GS Tarun

Mandibular Second Molar having Four Roots and Unusual Root Canal Morphology

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:49-52][No of Hits : 1135]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: The objective of this article is to highlight the importance of having a thorough knowledge about the root canal anatomy and the possibility of extra root/root canal.

Materials and methods: This case report presents the endodontic management of a left mandibular second molar with four roots and five canals.

Results: The clinical and radiographic diagnosis shows the existence of four roots and five canals (two in distobuccal root, one in distolingual root, one in mesiobuccal root, and one in mesiolingual root) in mandibular second molar.

Conclusion: Anatomic variation in the number of roots and root canals can occur in any tooth. Close examination of radiographs taken from different angles and careful evaluation of the internal anatomy of teeth is essential or else root canal treatment is likely to fail if extra roots or root canals are not detected.

Keywords: Extra root/root canal, Four-rooted mandibular second molar and multiple angulation radiograph, Mandibular second molar.

How to cite this article: Bhardwaj A, Tarun GS. Mandibular Second Molar having Four Roots and Unusual Root Canal Morphology. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):49-52.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Abhishek Gautam

Comparative Evaluation of Coronally Advanced Flap with Platelet-rich Fibrin vs Amniotic Membrane for the Treatment of Gingival Recession

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:31-37][No of Hits : 854]


ABSTRACT

Background: The purpose of this clinical trial was to compare the outcome of gingival recession technique using the coronally advanced flap (CAF) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and amniotic membrane.

Materials and methods: About 15 patients with bilateral Miller class I buccal gingival recessions (4-5 mm) in maxillary and mandibular canines were selected. The recessions were randomly assigned to receive either the CAF with PRF or the CAF with amniotic membrane. Recession height (RH), recession width (RW), width of keratinized tissue (WKT), thickness of keratinized tissue (TKT), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured at baseline as well as 6 months postsurgery. Patient satisfaction with esthetics, root sensitivity, and postoperative pain was also evaluated.

Results: The average percentages of root coverage for CAF with PRF and CAF with amniotic membrane were 92.95% and 97.40% (p < 0.05) respectively, and the complete root coverage observed was 56.94% and 76.47% respectively. The CAF with amniotic membrane showed a statistically signi.cant increase in TKT (p < 0.05). There were no signi.cant differences between the two groups with regard to RH, RW, WKT, PD, and CAL. The esthetic condition after both treatments was considered satisfactory by the patients.

Conclusion: The outcome of this study reflects that CAF with PRF and amniotic membrane can be successfully used to treat class I gingival recession.

Keywords: Amniotic membrane, Coronally advanced flap, Gingival recession, Platelet-rich fibrin.

How to cite this article: Gautam A. Comparative Evaluation of Coronally Advanced Flap with Platelet-rich Fibrin vs Amniotic Membrane for the Treatment of Gingival Recession. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):31-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Pooja R Vazhakkat, KS Shobha

Comparative Evaluation of the Effect of Two Desensitizing Dentifrices containing Novamin Technology and Pro-Argin Technology following Scaling and Root Planing

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:7-14][No of Hits : 851]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the desensitizing efficacy of two commercially available dentifrices, one containing Novamin technology (calcium sodium phosphosilicate, a bioactive glass) and the other containing Pro-Argin technology (arginine and calcium carbonate) when applied after scaling and root planing.

Materials and methods: About 30 subjects having at least two sensitive teeth (total 60 sites) after scaling and root planing were included in this study and randomly divided into two groups, each containing 15 patients: Group I received Pro-Argin technology (arginine and calcium carbonate) and group II received Novamin technology (calcium sodium phosphosilicate, a bioactive glass) containing desensitizing toothpaste. The sensitive teeth were selected on the basis of Schiff cold air sensitivity scale (SCASS) with an air blast hypersensitivity score of 2 or 3 and cold water test with visual analog scale (VAS) score of 4 to 10 responses. The subjects’ response was recorded at baseline (i.e., immediately after treatment) and after 1, 2, and 4 weeks respectively, using the SCASS and VAS scale.

Results: Using Mann-Whitney test, we found no statistically significant differences in the score between the two desensitizing toothpastes. But, there was a statistically significant difference between the baseline and follow-up scores done consecutively for individual toothpastes.

Conclusion: Therefore, within the limitations of the study, we found no statistically significant difference in the efficacy of the two desensitizing toothpastes.

Keywords: Dentifrices, Novamin technology, Visual analog scale.

How to cite this article: Vazhakkat PR, Shobha KS. Comparative Evaluation of the Effect of Two Desensitizing Dentifrices containing Novamin Technology and Pro-Argin Technology following Scaling and Root Planing. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):7-14.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
G Madhan, Madhumati Singh

Comparison of Ability of Platelet-rich Fibrin vs CollaPlug in maintaining the Buccal Bone Height of Sockets following Extractions in 20 Patients

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:1-6][No of Hits : 769]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: The preservation of bone volume immediately after tooth removal is necessary to optimize the success of implant placement in terms of esthetics and function. The objectives of this study were to compare the ability of Choukroun’s platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus CollaPlug (Zimmer) in maintaining the buccal bone height of sockets following extractions in patients.

Materials and methods: Twenty patients who required tooth extraction and implant placement were enrolled in this study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. They are group I PRF group and group II CollaPlug group. The vertical buccal crestal bone heights were measured immediately after extraction and 4 months postextraction and implants were placed.

Results: The buccal crestal bone level in the CollaPlug group had a baseline mean of 4.67 ± 0.54 and a postmean of 6.98 ± 0.60, whereas in the PRF group baseline mean was 5.43 ± 0.47 and postmean was 6.93 ± 0.55. The bone resorption was found in both the groups (2.31 mm for CollaPlug and 1.5 mm for PRF), in agreement with previous studies. However, there was increased bone loss in CollaPlug group compared with PRF group, which was found statistically significant.

Conclusion: In conclusion, within the limits of the present study, the two tested socket preservation materials seem to be effective in the treatment of extraction sockets, even though the design of the study did not allow us to evaluate to what extent the clinical improvement could be attributed to the PRF per se, since a negative control was not included in this investigation. However, preparation of PRF is not very cumbersome and inexpensive, which makes it a better socket preservation material than CollaPlug.

Keywords: Choukroun’s platelet-rich fibrin, CollaPlug (Zimmer), Vertical buccal crestal bone heights.

How to cite this article: Madhan G, Singh M. Comparison of Ability of Platelet-rich Fibrin vs CollaPlug in maintaining the Buccal Bone Height of Sockets following Extractions in 20 Patients. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):1-6.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Mohammed Asif, Shobha KS, Anirban Chatterjee

Assessment of Efficacy of Different Teaching Methods of Tooth Brushing on Oral Hygiene Status in Adults

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:25-30][No of Hits : 657]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tooth brushing plays a vital role in effective plaque control, which depends on the effectiveness of the particular method and the ease with which the procedure is carried out. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of different teaching methods of tooth brushing on oral hygiene status in adults.

Materials and methods: Eighty subjects were divided into four groups, each with 20 and assigned to different training methods. Twenty subjects were in control group and the rest in the experimental group. Each experimental group was further subdivided into two groups, namely reinforcers and nonreinforcers, with 10 subjects in each group. The plaque scores of these subjects were measured before and 1 week after the training sessions. The data analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 20.0 and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Results: There was significant reduction in the plaque scores due to different training methods (f = 12.218, p < 0.05). Maximum reduction was seen in the instruction on cast method. There was significant difference in the plaque scores in the reinforcers and nonreinforcers (f = 4.897, p < 0.05). A small survey conducted among participants revealed that individual as a model was an easy method to learn brushing.

Conclusion: The instruction on cast method was effective in reducing the plaque scores compared with the other methods.

Keywords: Adults, Plaque scores, Teaching, Tooth brushing.

How to cite this article: Asif M, Shobha KS, Chatterjee A. Assessment of Efficacy of Different Teaching Methods of Tooth Brushing on Oral Hygiene Status in Adults. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):25-30.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
G Suma, Yasin Salman

Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, and Practice toward Minimal Intervention Dentistry among Dental Professionals in Bengaluru City, India

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:20-24][No of Hits : 608]


ABSTRACT

Aims: The emphasis on caries prevention and early detection has led to a paradigm shift toward the concept of minimal intervention dentistry (MID). Despite the benefits of MID in the preservation of dental components and significant reliability, the clinical application is still limited. This study was, therefore, aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, practices, and clinical decision behaviors of dental professionals of Bengaluru city, Karnataka, India.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional questionnairebased survey was conducted in Bengaluru city, Karnataka, India, in the year 2016 for a period of 1 month among dental professionals. Data were collected using 25 questions focused on knowledge, attitude, practice, and behavior toward MID. The descriptive data were analyzed; statistical evaluation was done by chi-square test.

Results: Among 100 respondents, the mean scores for knowledge, attitude, and clinical decision were 3.57 ± 0.685, 0 to 4; 18.84 ± 2.21, 5 to 25; and 4.69 ± 0.78, 0 to 6 respectively. Data showed that dental professionals had adequate knowledge and a positive attitude toward MID. A weak positive correlation was seen between knowledge and attitude (r = -0.059, p = 0.55) and knowledge and c linical decision (r = -0.050, p = 0.62).

Conclusion: Adequate knowledge and positive attitude neither influenced their clinical decision-making behavior nor their practical application of MID. A nationwide awareness campaign has to be done to alarm the authorities in making and implementing a course of action for updating the practice and clinical decisions behaviors of dental professionals in the country.

Keywords: Dental caries, Dental education, Dental professionals, Minimal intervention dentistry.

How to cite this article: Suma G , Salman Y. Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, and Practice toward Minimal Intervention Dentistry among Dental Professionals in Bengaluru City, India. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):20-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Mohammed Imran, Bipin C Reddy, Mueedul Islam, Azhar Khan, Shoaib N Parkar, Tanmoy Nath

Role of Dexamethasone in reducing Postoperative Sequelae following Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Surgery: A Comparative Clinical Study

[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:53-60][No of Hits : 577]


ABSTRACT

Aims and objectives: To understand the benefits of dexamethasone and compare the effects of submucosal vs intramuscular (IM) administration of dexamethasone in reducing postoperative sequelae following impacted mandibular third molar surgery.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted on 90 patients, who were divided into three groups of 30 each. The two experimental groups were given dexamethasone 4 mg submucosally or intramuscularly (preoperatively), and the control group did not receive any form of corticosteroid. Measurements of facial swelling and maximal interincisal distance were made preoperatively and on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th postoperative days. Pain was evaluated from patients’ response to visual analog scale and recording the number of rescue analgesic tablets taken at the end of the 7th postoperative day.

Results: Both dexamethasone groups showed a significant reduction in pain, swelling, and trismus as compared with the control group at all intervals. There was a statistically significant reduction in magnitude of swelling in the submucosal dexamethasone group as compared with the IM dexamethasone group on the 1st postoperative day, but there was no significant difference among two experimental groups at other times and their effects were comparable for all variables.

Conclusion: Dexamethasone 4 mg is an effective therapeutic strategy for reducing postoperative sequelae following surgical removal of impacted third molars and submucosal dexamethasone is an effective alternative to dexamethasone given systemically.

Keywords: Corticosteroids, Submucosal dexamethasone, Third molar surgery.

How to cite this article: Imran M, Reddy BC, Islam M, Khan A, Parkar SN, Nath T. Role of Dexamethasone in reducing Postoperative Sequelae following Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Surgery: A Comparative Clinical Study. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(2):53-60.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Mamtha S Nanjappa, Priyanka R Bhoboo, Kishore Felix, Narahari Ranganatha

Management of Hemophilia Patient

[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:72-76][No of Hits : 567]


ABSTRACT

Hemophilia comprises a group of hereditary bleeding disorders caused due to the deficiency of one or more clotting factors. It is classified as hemophilia A, B and C which occur due to deficiency of factor VIII, IX or X respectively. Hemophilia A is an X-linked recessive hereditary disorder and most common of the three. It accounts for 80 to 85% of bleeding disorder. It is of paramount importance to know this medical condition to provide dental treatment and to prevent undesirable events. The aim of this article is to report a case of hemophilia A, who was diagnosed postextraction with review of dental management of hemophilic patients.

Keywords: Dental extractions, Hemophilia, Management.

How to cite this article: Nanjappa MS, Bhoboo PR, Felix K, Ranganatha N. Management of Hemophilia Patient. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(2):72-76.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Gourav K Sahu, Shivani Consul, KJ Nandakishore, N Shubhashini, IB Geeta, Md Idris

Rotary Endodontics or Reciprocating Endodontics: Which is New and Which is True?

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:51-57][No of Hits : 8421]


ABSTRACT

In the past, shaping of root canals was done using stainless steel (SS) hand files. The introduction of rotary instrumentation has revolutionized the art and science of endodontic practice in the last decade with predictable success. The rotary files have been subjected to constant evolution in the form of metallurgy, design features, and the manner in which these instruments are driven (rotary/reciprocation), etc., resulting in revolution, both within the canal and in the area of contemporary endodontics. The purpose of this review is to identify publications regarding the evaluation, to present comprehensive and critical summaries of current knowledge, and to provide an update of the rotary and reciprocating concept, which is new and which is true.

Keywords: Reciproc, Reciprocating motion, Rotary motion, Single file, WaveOne.

How to cite this article: Sahu GK, Consul S, Nandakishore KJ, Shubhashini N, Geeta IB, Idris Md. Rotary Endodontics or Reciprocating Endodontics: Which is New and Which is True? J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):51-57.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Suchetha Aghanashini, Bhavana Puvvalla, Darshan B Mundinamane, SM Apoorva, Divya Bhat, Manjari Lalwani

A Comprehensive Review on Dental Calculus

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:42-50][No of Hits : 6707]


ABSTRACT

Dental calculus is a hard deposit that is formed by calcification of dental plaque primarily composed of calcium phosphate mineral salts which is deposited on natural teeth and restorations and is covered by a layer of unmineralized plaque. These hard deposits may form coronal to or apical to the gingival margin, hence named accordingly as supragingival and subgingival calculus respectively. The distribution of calculus is very versatile and it differs from individual to individual, from tooth to tooth, and from surface to surface. So, a thorough knowledge on prevalence of calculus is important for the clinician in outlining the treatment plan. It is a well-known fact that calculus is itself not an inducing agent for pathological changes that occur in gingival tissues; instead it is covered by a layer of unmineralized plaque which is proven to be the key etiological agent involved in these pathogenic mechanisms. But, attributing to the porosity of calculus and its ability to retain bacterial antigens makes it an important contributing factor in initiating and accentuating periodontal disease progression. In this review, we made an attempt to discuss various aspects of calculus composition, its formation, and its etiological significance in periodontal disease progression.

Keywords: Calculus, Gingival margin, Periodontal diseases, Prevalence, Unmineralized plaque.

How to cite this article: Aghanashini S, Puvvalla B, Mundinamane DB, Apoorva SM, Bhat D, Lalwani M. A Comprehensive Review on Dental Calculus. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):42-50.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Navnita Singh, Shivaprasad Bilichodmath, Savita Sambhashivaiah

Traumatic Fibroma: A Case Series

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:28-31][No of Hits : 5609]


ABSTRACT

Aims: This article addresses the clinical presentation, diagnosis, histological features, and treatment of two cases of fibroma.

Background: Fibromas are proliferative fibrous lesions of the gingiva and oral mucosa that may cause esthetic and functional problems. Fibrous hyperplasia and fibroepithelial hyperplasia are histological variants of these nonneoplastic lesions.

Case description: Case 1 demonstrated an overgrowth in the lower back tooth region. Case 2 was present at the corner of the lip mucosa. Both the growths were pale in color, sessile, painless, and firm in consistency. Lesions caused discomfort during chewing of food. Thus, both the lesions were excised using diode laser in continuous mode and sent for histopathological assessment.

Conclusion: These lesions are a result of trauma/chronic irritation and arise from cells of oral mucous membrane or periosteum.

Clinical significance: The cases demonstrate the need for proper diagnosis, role of biopsy, and histologic evaluation in the management of these lesions.

Keywords: Case series, Diode laser, Fibroepithelial hyperplasia, Traumatic fibroma.

How to cite this ar ticle: Singh N, Bilichodmath S, Sambhashivaiah S. Traumatic Fibroma: A Case Series. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):28-31.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Mahantesha Sharanappa, Kranti Konuganti, Apoorva Kumar, Rima

Papilla Reconstruction: Reclaiming the Lost!

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:19-22][No of Hits : 2905]


ABSTRACT

Increasing esthetic demands of the modern era has converted modern dentistry to pink and white esthetic dentistry. One of the most difficult goals in the regeneration of the soft tissues is the reconstruction of interdental papilla. A number of techniques have been tried, but the results still lack predictability. Nonsurgical techniques include repeated curettage of the interdental papilla, orthodontic and restorative correction, and hyaluronic acid application, while surgical techniques include pedicle and free gingival graft, connective tissue grafts, and subepithelial connective tissue graft. This article presents a report of two cases where a combination of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and pedicle graft was utilized to retain maximum vascularity and minimize scar tissue formation. The atraumatic management of the tissues with a pouch-like design avoids tension and pressure and is critical for the success of the procedure. Adequate fill of the interdental papilla was observed in both the cases and the results were stable up to 6 months.

Keywords: Hyaluronic acid, Interdental papilla, Plateletderived growth factor, Platelet-rich fibrin, Transforming growth factor-beta.

How to cite this article: Sharanappa M, Konuganti K, Kumar A, Rima. Papilla Reconstruction: Reclaiming the Lost! J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):19-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Priya S Reddy

Indirect Sinus Lift with Implant Placement in Maxillary Premolar Region

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:32-34][No of Hits : 1415]


ABSTRACT

The maxilla is made up of spongy bone and has one of the least dense bones in oral cavity. Periodontal disease-stimulated teeth loss causes accentuated bone deficiency, both in height and in width by significant resorption of the alveolar bone. Bone remodeling in the region is further complicated by postextraction bone resorption, pneumatization of maxillary sinus, and poor quality of residual alveolar bone.
Indirect sinus augmentation is an effective solution for this problem. This case report presents the rehabilitation of maxillary premolar by using indirect sinus lift with implant placement where the bone height and bone width was compromised.

Keywords: Implant placement posterior maxilla, Indirect sinus lift, Maxillary sinus.

How to cite this article: Reddy PS. Indirect Sinus Lift with Implant Placement in Maxillary Premolar Region. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):32-34.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Sakthi Devi, Senthil Murugappan, Mythili Swaminathan, Karthikeyan Ilangovan Sachin B Mangalekar, Anitha Kannaiyan

Assessment of Periodontal Inflamed Surface Area and Its Relationship with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:6-11][No of Hits : 1103]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: The objective of this study is to assess the periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) and its relationship with glycemic control in type 2 diabetes with and without periodontitis.

Materials and methods: A study was performed on 60 outpatients (males and females) reporting to the Department of Periodontics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital and the Diabetic Clinic, Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu. The age of the study subjects ranged from 40 to 60 years. Patients having HbA1c levels > 7 mg/dl were diagnosed as type 2 diabetes mellitus and were enrolled in the study. The selected patients were divided into two groups of 30 patients each, with at least eight remaining teeth present: Group I - Diabetic patients with periodontitis (test) with probing pocket depth (PPD) of 3 to 10 mm and bleeding on probing (BOP), and Group II - Diabetic patients without periodontitis (periodontally healthy as control) with PPD not exceeding 3 mm and limited BOP. Subjects were excluded if they were under systemic antibiotics 3 months prior and during the study and if they have undergone periodontal treatment 6 months prior to the study.

Results: When HbA1c increased, the PISA values also increased in type 2 diabetic patients with and without periodontitis.

Conclusion: The cross-sectional clinical study reveals that there is a linear association between diabetes and PISA in type 2 diabetic patients with and without periodontitis.

Keywords: Glycosylated hemoglobin A, Periodontal inflamed surface area, Periodontitis, Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

How to cite this article: Devi S, Murugappan S, Swaminathan M, Ilangovan K, Mangalekar SB, Kannaiyan A. Assessment of Periodontal Inflamed Surface Area and Its Relationship with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):6-11.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Shwetha Chikkaboraiah, Rajiv Nidasale Puttaswamaiah, Sushama R Galgali

Pregnancy Tumor

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:23-27][No of Hits : 985]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this case report is to present a case of rapidly growing large pregnancy tumor which did not regress even after parturition.

Introduction: Pyogenic granuloma is a commonly occurring benign inflammatory hyperplasia of the skin and oral mucosa. It usually arises in response to nonspecific infection as sessile or pedunculated, erythematous, exophytic papule or nodule with a smooth or lobulated surface that bleeds easily. Pyogenic granuloma occurring during the pregnancy is called as pregnancy tumor.

Case report: In this case report, a rapidly growing pregnancy tumor in a 23-year-old female is described and the clinical features, histopathologic features and management of the lesion are discussed. Pregnancy tumor rarely reaches 2 cm in size, however in our case the lesion had enlarged to an extent that it was interfering with occlusion (3 × 2 cm). Even after parturition the enlargement showed no regression in size, so the lesion was surgically excised.

Conclusion: Lack of awareness among pregnant patients about oral health care during pregnancy results in occurrence of various oral lesions which challenges the dentist and gynecologist in providing proper treatment. Hence creating oral health care awareness among such patients is of utmost importance.

Clinical significance: The prenatal oral health check-up and counselling is important in preventing the occurrence of various oral lesions during pregnancy.

Keywords: Female sex hormones, Gingiva, Inflammatory hyperplasia, Lobular capillary hemangioma, Pregnancy tumor, Pyogenic granuloma.

How to cite this article: Chikkaboraiah S, Puttaswamaiah RN, Galgali SR. Pregnancy Tumor. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):23-27.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Suresh K Kasagani, Aditya Rao, Suma Rajan, Ghousia Fatima, Roopali Tapashetti

Estimation of Salivary and Serum Calcium Levels in Smokers and Nonsmokers with Chronic Periodontitis

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:35-37][No of Hits : 871]


ABSTRACT

Studies in the past investigated the role played by minerals in the etiology and/or progression of periodontal disease for more than four decades. Various host defense factors are present in the saliva. It also influences calculus formation and thus periodontal disease. Recent studies have shown a significant relationship between dietary calcium, serum calcium, and periodontal disease. Smoking marks a major risk factor for both periodontal disease and several systemic diseases. So, the aim of the present study is to estimate salivary and serum calcium levels in smokers and nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis.

Materials and methods: The study comprised 30 subjects, equally divided into three groups of clinically healthy periodontium, nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis, and smokers with chronic periodontitis. Clinical measurements, saliva, and blood samples were obtained. Biochemical analysis for the estimation of calcium was performed. Blood samples were collected through venipuncture method.

Results: Comparison of mean serum calcium between the three groups by analysis of variance showed highly statistically significant difference (F = 23.92, p = 0.001).

Conclusion: Smokers with periodontitis exhibited reduced levels of calcium as compared with nonsmokers with periodontitis and the differences were statistically significant.

Keywords: Calcium, Chronic periodontitis, Smokers and nonsmokers.

How to cite this article: Kasagani SK, Rao A, Rajan S, Fatima G, Tapashetti R. Estimation of Salivary and Serum Calcium Levels in Smokers and Nonsmokers with Chronic Periodontitis. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):35-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Nalini MS, Balasubramanya Kumar, Sunil Shroff

Management of an Infected Maxillary Periapical (Radicular) Cyst through Nasal Antrostomy

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:58-62][No of Hits : 737]


ABSTRACT

The radicular cyst is an inflammatory cyst that is formed as a consequence of pulpal necrosis mostly due to caries, which is often found and associated with periapical inflammation. Most of the times, radicular cysts resemble the preexisting chronic periapical periodontitis lesions radiographically. In this paper, a case of radicular cyst in the maxillary anterior region is discussed.

Keywords: Inflammatory cyst, Radicular cyst, Surgical enucleation.

How to cite this article: Nalini MS, Kumar B, Shroff S. Management of an Infected Maxillary Periapical (Radicular) Cyst through Nasal Antrostomy. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):58-62.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Shruthi Rangaswamy, Kedarnath N Sheshappa, Rohit Srikanthan

Preemptive Analgesic Efficacy of Diclofenac Sodium for Surgical Removal of Impacted Third Molars

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:38-41][No of Hits : 546]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Preemptive analgesia is an evolving concept where therapeutic intervention be made prior to the onset of pain. This study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of diclofenac sodium 100 mg as preemptive analgesic administered 1 hour before removal of impacted third molars using split mouth study model.

Materials and methods: A randomized placebo control study was done on 30 patients requiring bilateral impacted tooth removal. Patients were administered 100 mg of diclofenac sodium and placebo 1 hour prior to surgery at different appointments. Patients were assessed for intraoperative pain and postoperative pain with visual analog scale on 1st, 2nd, and 3rd postoperative days.

Results: Statistical difference was found in pain experience during 1st postoperative day (p = 0.0153). Patients after receiving diclofenac sodium 100 mg experienced less pain compared to placebo side. There was no difference found in pain experience between the study and control groups on subsequent postoperative days and overall pain experience.

Conclusion: Better management of pain improves quality of life after procedure. Thus, preemptive analgesia may be beneficial in reducing pain intensity. Larger sample blinded studies may prove efficiency of preemptive analgesia.

Keywords: Diclofenac sodium, Postoperative pain, Preemptive analgesia.

How to cite this article: Rangaswamy S, Sheshappa KN, Srikanthan R. Preemptive Analgesic Efficacy of Diclofenac Sodium for Surgical Removal of Impacted Third Molars. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):38-41.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
Shivaprasad BM, MP Rakesh, Sandeep S Prabhu

Esthetic Correction of Gummy Smile by Gingivectomy using Diode Laser

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:17-21][No of Hits : 2021]


ABSTRACT

A pleasant smile is considered a symbol of beauty and well being in the modern society periodontology extensively deals with soft tissue surgeries. However, pain, trauma, bleeding, postoperative edema and scarring are often associated with conventional methods of surgery which are problematic for both the patient and the clinician. Hence, to overcome these drawbacks, 940 nm diode laser was used to perform various periodontal surgical procedures. This case report highlights the use of diode laser to correct gummy smile for better shape, contour and gingival margin.

Keywords: Diode laser, Excessive gingival display, Gingivectomy, Gummy smile.

How to cite this article: Shivaprasad BM, Rakesh MP, Prabhu SS. Esthetic Correction of Gummy Smile by Gingivectomy using Diode Laser. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):17-21.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
MS Nalini, Balasubramanya Kumar, Sunil Shroff

Dentigerous Cyst Associated with Impacted Third Molar

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:11-13][No of Hits : 1670]


ABSTRACT

A dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst associated with the crown of the impacted or unerupted teeth. Such cyst remains initially completely asymptomatic unless when infected and can be discovered only on routine radiographic examination. Here is a case of dentigerous cyst, present in left mandibular region associated with cortical expansion and facial asymmetry which has been enucleated and the tooth extracted surgically is discussed in present case report.

Keywords: Case report, Dentigerous cyst, Ectopic tooth, Impacted, Odontogenic cyst.

How to cite this article: Nalini MS, Kumar B, Shroff S. Dentigerous Cyst Associated with Impacted Third Molar. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):11-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Sahla Ambadi, Anuroopa Pudukulangara

Accuracy of Periodontal Screening and Recording as a Screening Tool for Assessing Periodontal Status and Estimation of Periodontal Treatment Needs and Its Comparison with Routine Periodontal Examination

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:33-36][No of Hits : 809]


ABSTRACT

Aims: Conventional periodontal examination methods used for the determination of periodontal disease and assessment of disease severity, though precise and effective for diagnostic purposes, are time-consuming. The current study is aimed at checking the accuracy of periodontal screening and recording (PSR) as a diagnostic index in assessing periodontal diseases and to compare it with routine periodontal examination.

Materials and methods: Study population consisted of 100 subjects in which both PSR and routine periodontal examination and recording are carried out.

Results: It was observed that lesser time was required to record PSR index (mean: 2.20 minutes) when compared to routine periodontal examination (mean: 15.28 minutes). Also the probing depth and bleeding on probing had similar findings in all subjects examined (100%), whereas a 10 and 7% difference was seen with respect to presence of calculus and/ or defective margins.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that PSR is accurate enough as a diagnostic index and can be used as a time saving screening tool for periodontal examination.

Keywords: Community periodontal index of treatment needs probe, Periodontal screening and recording, Periodontal screening tool.

How to cite this article: Ambadi S, Pudukulangara A. Accuracy of Periodontal Screening and Recording as a Screening Tool for Assessing Periodontal Status and Estimation of Periodontal Treatment Needs and Its Comparison with Routine Periodontal Examination. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(2):33-36.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Original Research
S Sushma, MS Kusuma Devi, S Naveen

The Study of Relationship between Serum Magnesium and Glycated Hemoglobin in Clinically Uncomplicated Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:1-4][No of Hits : 785]


ABSTRACT

Background: Studies have shown that low serum magnesium levels and microalbuminuria are associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, which are the known predictors of risk for cardiovascular disease. The chief objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between serum magnesium level with glycated hemoglobin and urine albumin levels in clinically uncomplicated type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Methodology: During this study, 35 were type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and 20 normal healthy subjects were age and sex matched, were evaluated for serum magnesium, urine albumin, glycated hemoglobin, fasting blood sugar, blood urea and serum creatinine levels.

Results: In 37% of the diabetic patients, magnesium concentrations were below the normal reference value. Microalbuminuria was seen in 60% of the diabetic cases. Serum magnesium level was correlated with glycemic control, as measured by HbA1c.

Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that lower serum magnesium concentrations and microalbuminuria are common in type 2 diabetics. Low serum magnesium level was attributed to poor glycemic control in diabetics. Serum magnesium levels did not correlate with microalbuminuria among diabetics.

Keywords: Glycated hemoglobin, Microalbuminuria, Serum magnesium, Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

How to cite this article: Sushma S, Devi MSK, Naveen S. The Study of Relationship between Serum Magnesium and Glycated Hemoglobin in Clinically Uncomplicated Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):1-4.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
Shweta Dixit, Ajay Singh

Hollow Pontic: Technique for Load Reduction on Edentulous Segment

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:22-24][No of Hits : 690]


ABSTRACT

As in the field of dentistry, there have been several advances to provide a quality service. The occlusal forces applied to a fixed denture prosthesis (FDP) are transmitted to the supporting structures through the pontic, connectors and retainers. Span length, occlusion, bone loss, and quality of periodontium may be affected by the durability of an FDP and its abutment. Technique of hollow pontic is used for extensive loss of tissue in the pontic area, dense porosity free casting, porcelain cracking prevention on cooling. The present report depicts, such a case where a hollow pontic was given in a FDP.

Keywords: Bone loss, Esthetics, Hollow pontic, Pontic design.

How to cite this article: Dixit S, Singh A. Hollow Pontic: Technique for Load Reduction on Edentulous Segment. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):22-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Shashwati Paul, Anuroopa Pudukulangara, Rithesh Kulal, Savita Sambashivaiah

Report of an unusually Huge Fibroepithelial Polyp managed with Diode Laser

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:52-55][No of Hits : 685]


ABSTRACT

Fibromas are benign tumors that are composed of fibrous connective tissue. Fibroepithelial polyp (FEP) is a histological variant of fibroma that causes esthetic and functional problems. They may arise anywhere in the oral cavity, but are more commonly seen in the gingiva, tongue, and lip. Generally small and painless, they rarely continue to grow and might resemble other malignant lesions. This article reports an unusual case of a huge intraoral FEP that presented as a cauliflower-shaped lesion mimicking other neoplastic lesions. Laser excision was carried out following which histopathological examination revealed it as an inflamed FEP with ulceration.

Keywords: Fibroepithelial polyp, Fibroma, Histopathology, Laser, Malignancy, Neoplastic lesion.

How to cite this article: Paul S, Pudukulangara A, Kulal R, Sambashivaiah S. Report of an unusually Huge Fibroepithelial Polyp managed with Diode Laser. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(2):52-55.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Shilpa Shivanand, Navnita Singh, Shivaprasad Bilichodmath

Prevalence of Aggressive Periodontitis in Patients visiting the OPD of Periodontology, RajaRajeswari Dental College & Hospital, Bengaluru

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:37-40][No of Hits : 636]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: The prevalence of aggressive periodontitis (AP) has been extensively studied globally. Limited information is available on the AP prevalence in the Indian population. Hence, a survey was undertaken to give a more accurate prevalence of AP in the population visiting the outpatient Department of Periodontology, RajaRajeswari Dental College & Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Materials and methods: A total of 500 patients were screened to estimate the prevalence of AP. Thorough gingival examination, including bleeding on probing, was done to evaluate the gingival condition. The periodontal status was evaluated by assessment of clinical attachment level, probing pocket depth, and gingival recession. The subjects provisionally diagnosed with AP were referred to the Department of Radiology for further examination. The radiographic assessment involved full mouth intraoral periapical radiographs and panoramic radiographs.

Results: Out of the 500 patients screened, 8 cases (LAP-4, GAP-4) were found to be confirmed with the diagnosis of AP, giving a prevalence of 1.6%.

Conclusion: The prevalence rate of AP in the screened population is 1.6%. The higher prevalence of AP in the present study can be attributed to the fact that the population studied is hospital based because of the convenience. The prevalence of AP is highly variable and controversial globally and needs a concerted and systemic approach if this is to be settled.

Keywords: Aggressive periodontitis, Bengaluru, India, Prevalence.

How to cite this article: Shivanand S, Singh N, Bilichodmath S. Prevalence of Aggressive Periodontitis in Patients visiting the OPD of Periodontology, RajaRajeswari Dental College & Hospital, Bengaluru. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(2):37-40.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
Naveen Narayan, Prema Dhanraj, MS Mahesh

Reconstruction of Post-burn Microstomia: Our Experience

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:5-7][No of Hits : 547]


ABSTRACT

Reconstruction of the post-burn contracture is a complex task in plastic surgery. A burn patient treated traditionally only by dressings develops scar with contracture involving the burned region. The lip is a part of the face that is frequently affected by burn injury. Post-burn scar sequelae in this area often result in cosmetic disfigurement and psychological upset in patients. Microstomia poses difficulty in airway intubation during anesthesia and contracture of the neck if present confounds difficulty. Reconstruction of post-burn oral commissure aims to restore both symmetry of the lips (esthetic) and full oral competence (functional). Frequently treated in our department, we present a case series of post-burn contracture of neck with microstomia whose neck extension and mouth opening both were restricted giving less option but more challenge for both anesthesiologists and plastic surgeons.

Keywords: Commissuroplasty, Microstomia, Post-burn contracture.

How to cite this article: Narayan N, Dhanraj P, Mahesh MS. Reconstruction of Post-burn Microstomia: Our Experience. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):5-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
Madhumati Singh, S Vijayanand, B Amit, Ragesh Raman, R Narahari

Tetracycline Sclerotherapy in the Management of Chyle Leak

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:14-16][No of Hits : 547]


ABSTRACT

Chyle leak following neck dissection is a rare but recognized complication with significant morbidity. The timing, indications and treatment modalities of chylous fistula remain controversial. Sclerotherapy using tetracycline is not a much acclaimed form of treatment in the management of chylous fistula. We report a case of postoperative chylous leak successfully managed by injection of tetracycline into the supraclavicular wound bed.

Keywords: Chyle leak, Chylous fistula, Neck dissection, Sclerotherapy, Tetracycline.

How to cite this article: Singh M, Vijayanand S, Amit B, Raman R, Narahari R. Tetracycline Sclerotherapy in the Management of Chyle Leak. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):14-16.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
G Poornima, C Poornima

Trismus

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:15-20][No of Hits : 2597]


ABSTRACT

Trismus or jaw hypomobility refers to a sustained, tonic spasm of the masticatory muscles. There are various causes for this common symptom where the patient seeks medical intervention immediately, as it impairs speech and eating; causes social injunction leading to fear, anxiety and anger. Successful treatment of trismus depends on prompt recognition of its cause and immediate initiation of appropriate treatment. A thorough knowledge of this hypomobility is essential for successful treatment and to avoid permanent functional disability. This article gives an insight into etiology, differential diagnosis and treatment of trismus.

Keywords: Jaw hypomobility, Masticatory muscles, Spasm, Trismus.

How to cite this article: Poornima G, Poornima C. Trismus. J Health Sci Res 2014;5(2):15-20.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Shriparna Biswas, Sruthi K Nair, Madhuri Kotha, R Vinaya Kumar, BM Shivaprasad

Free Gingival Graft: A Surgical Boon for Receding Gums

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:25-28][No of Hits : 1129]


ABSTRACT

Gingival recession is defined as displacement of the soft tissue margin apical to the cementoenamel junction. The esthetic demand together with reduction of root sensitivity and management of root caries or cervical abrasion are the main indications for root coverage. Available literature indicates that free gingival graft (FGG) is a reliable procedure for root coverage with a success rate ranging from 76 to 95.5%. In this case report, a 32-year-old female patient having Miller’s Class III gingival recession in relation to 31 was treated using free gingival graft with satisfactory postoperative results.

Keywords: Free gingival graft, Gingival recession, Root coverage.

How to cite this article: Biswas S, Nair SK, Kotha M, Kumar RV, Shivaprasad BM. Free Gingival Graft: A Surgical Boon for Receding Gums. J Health Sci Res 2014;5(2):25-28.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
AR Jaya, P Praveen, A Ananthraj, Nidhi K Nihal

Full Mouth Rehabilitation of a Child with Cerebral Palsy under General Anesthesia

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:29-32][No of Hits : 950]


ABSTRACT

Cerebral palsy is defined as a nonprogressive brain disorder of movement and posture. The patient is characterized by mental and motor disabilities, sensory impairments of vision and hearing, besides having seizures and contraction joints. The dentist, doctors and healthcare professionals who treat patients with disabilities play an important role in health promotion and improvement in quality of life through multidisciplinary clinical planning especially in cerebral palsy patients who need special care. The aim of this case report was to describe a clinical case in which preventive and surgical interventions were performed in a 6-year-old male child with cerebral palsy under general anesthesia who reported to the Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, DAPMRV Dental College, Bengaluru, with the chief complaint of pain and swelling in upper left and lower right back tooth region. The approach targeted to the oral health of the patient with cerebral palsy can be considered as an important strategy for promoting the overall health and quality of life.

Keywords: Cerebral palsy, Full mouth rehabilitation, General anesthesia.

How to cite this article: Jaya AR, Praveen P, Ananthraj A, Nihal NK. Full Mouth Rehabilitation of a Child with Cerebral Palsy under General Anesthesia. J Health Sci Res 2014;5(2):29-32.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Vinitra Vasan, P Balaji, S Latha, Ashish Gupta

Maxillary Ameloblastoma: A Rare Case Report

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:21-24][No of Hits : 804]


ABSTRACT

Ameloblastoma is a benign but locally aggressive odontogenic tumor. The knowledge about this tumor is gaining greater importance because of its emerging variants. It is very essential to know the clinical, radiological and histopathological features of all the subtypes of ameloblastoma along with their behavioral and prognostic characteristics. Worldwide, maxillary ameloblastoma is rare, but its late detection renders adequate treatment difficult. Majority occur in the mandible with about 5 to 20% occurring in the maxillary bone. Here, we report a case of follicular ameloblastoma of the anterior maxilla in a 60-year-old male.

Keywords: Ameloblastoma, Maxillary ameloblastoma, Odontogenic tumor.

How to cite this article: Vasan V, Balaji P, Latha S, Gupta A. Maxillary Ameloblastoma: A Rare Case Report. J Health Sci Res 2014;5(2):21-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Nikhat Mukhtar Gazge, P Balaji

Elastography: A New Dimension in Oral and Maxillofacial Imaging

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:6-9][No of Hits : 776]


ABSTRACT

Elastography or elasticity imaging is a new non-invasive imaging modality that involves tissue stiffness assessment based on hardness (elasticity) of normal or pathological tissues. The principle being that tissue compression produces strain within the tissue leading to tissue displacement due to which tissue hardness can be estimated. This tissue elasticity resulting from compression is displayed as an image called elastogram. This technique can be particularly useful in preoperative assessment of pathological tissues which are generally harder than normal surrounding tissues. Hence, the purpose of this article is to highlight this technique and its various applications in oral and maxillofacial region.

Keywords: Elasticity imaging, Elastography, Elastogram, Ultrasonography.

How to cite this article: Gazge NM, Balaji P. Elastography: A New Dimension in Oral and Maxillofacial Imaging. J Health Sci Res 2014;5(2):6-9.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Vasudha Sharma, Shweta Y Somasundara, YS Prasanna Kumar, Padma K Bhat

Is Assessment of Hyposalivation Important in Routine Dental Practice?

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:10-14][No of Hits : 706]


ABSTRACT

Saliva is a key element in oral homeostasis, oral function and maintenance of oral health. Dry mouth has multiple oral health consequences and affects quality of life. The incidence of dry mouth and its public health impact are increasing due to the aging population, the effects of some systemic diseases, and medical care and commonly prescribed medications that reduce saliva production. Chronic xerostomia can contribute to oral mucosal changes, increased coronal and root caries susceptibility, candidiasis, periodontal disease, partial loss of taste acuity, and difficulty in swallowing and functional prosthetic problems. Although, oral healthcare providers routinely obtain and document a patient’s medical history, evaluating salivary gland function is not a common practice unless the patient is symptomatic. This review of literature highlights the importance of saliva, and the need to measure and document hyposalivation in routine dental practice.

Keywords: Hyposalivation, Saliva, Xerostomia.

How to cite this article: Sharma V, Somasundara SY, Kumar YSP, Bhat PK. Is Assessment of Hyposalivation Important in Routine Dental Practice? J Health Sci Res 2014;5(2):10-14.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
R Vinaya Kumar, P Anuroopa, MS Nalini, S Savita

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Pain and Assessment of Ergonomic Factors in Undergraduate Dental Students: An Observational Study

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:1-5][No of Hits : 672]


ABSTRACT

Background: The musculoskeletal health of dental professionals has been the focus of several studies globally. It has been estimated that work-related musculoskeletal injuries occur in 54 to 93% of dental professionals. However, when it comes to studies carried out on dental students, there is a dearth of information. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the ergonomic factors and presence of muscular pain in dental students undergoing clinical training at Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India.

Materials and methods: Data collection was carried out on a sample of 103 students pursuing their undergraduate program in dentistry using a structured questionnaire comprising questions pertaining to the recipient’s sociodemographic information, ergonomic features, medical information, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) resulting from clinical practice, musculoskeletal demands, posture related queries, workplace, instruments and exercises.

Results: The results of this study revealed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in dental students. Further, the study also highlighted the lack of knowledge among the students which could have led to the aggravation of symptoms.

Conclusion: Therefore, it is essential to include ergonomics in the dental curriculum so as to educate students regarding adoption of healthy postures and subsequently reduce the risk of MSDs. The etiology of musculoskeletal disease is multifactorial and consequently preventive strategies should focus on ergonomics, breaks at work, general health and physical exercise.

Keywords: Dentists, Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal disorders.

How to cite this article: Kumar RV, Anuroopa P, Nalini MS, Savita S. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Pain and Assessment of Ergonomic Factors in Undergraduate Dental Students: An Observational Study. J Health Sci Res 2014;5(2):1-5.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Karishma Jagadeesh, MN Hombesh, HS Shashidar, G Vinay Kumar, Aditya Sharma, CR Vijayalakshmi

Esthetic Management of Dental Fluorosis with Ceramic Veneers

[Year:2018] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:33] [Pages No:27-30][No of Hits : 337]


ABSTRACT

The fluoride may be beneficial as well as harmful to teeth. The effects of fluorosis on teeth range from white opaque areas to severe pitting with brown or black discoloration of the teeth. Such discoloration of teeth causes unesthetic appearance of teeth and requires rehabilitation. The present article describes the case report of esthetic rehabilitation of dental fluorosis with ceramic veneers.

Keywords: Dental fluorosis, Laminates, Veneers.

How to cite this article: Jagadeesh K, Hombesh MN, Shashidar HS, Kumar GV, Sharma A, Vijayalakshmi CR. Esthetic Management of Dental Fluorosis with Ceramic Veneers. J Health Sci Res 2018;9(1):27-30.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Sakshi Kamra, Keerthilatha M Pai, Ravindranath Vineetha, Abhay Kamath, Adarsh Kudwa

Dentigerous Cyst associated with Unerupted Mandibular Second Molar: An Unusual Entity

[Year:2018] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:33] [Pages No:31-33][No of Hits : 268]


ABSTRACT

Dentigerous cyst is a common pathologic entity. After radicular cyst, dentigerous cysts are the most frequent odontogenic cysts diagnosed, accounting for 20% of all mandibular cysts. Typically, they are associated with impacted teeth, usually third molars. Its presentation in association with unerupted permanent second molar is very unusual and rare and very few cases have been reported in the literature. In this report, we describe the case of a pediatric patient with a dentigerous cyst in association with unerupted permanent second molar.

Keywords: Dentigerous cyst, Second molar, Unerupted, Unilocular.

How to cite this article: Kamra S, Pai KM, Vineetha R, Kamath A, Kudwa A. Dentigerous Cyst associated with Unerupted Mandibular Second Molar: An Unusual Entity. J Health Sci Res 2018;9(1):31-33.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Ashima Katyal, Deepinder Singh, Madhu Sharma, Uma Chaudhary

Bacteriological Profile and Antibiogram of Aerobic Blood Culture Isolates from Intensive Care Units in a Teaching Tertiary Care Hospital

[Year:2018] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:33] [Pages No:6-10][No of Hits : 267]


ABSTRACT

Context: Infection rates in the intensive care unit (ICU) have been found to be the highest among all hospital-acquired infections.

Aim: To determine the prevalence of current bacteriological profile in blood cultures along with their antibiogram from ICU patients.

Settings and design: The present study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology, over a period of 1 year, i.e., from September 2016 to August 2017.

Materials and methods: A total of 2,028 blood cultures were received from various ICUs. The isolates were identified by standard microbiological procedures, and antibiogram was determined by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines.

Statistical analysis: Qualitative data were presented as mean and standard deviation and quantitative data as proportions. Association was tested using chi-squared test. Statistical significance was considered when p < 0.05. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.0 software was used for analysis.

Results: Total positive cultures were obtained in 504 (24.86%) cases. Among the Gram-positive (GP) isolates 288 (57.14%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS) 5 5.5% was the most common followed by Staphylococcus aureus 34% and Enterococcus spp. 10.4%. Acinetobacter baumannii 52.3% was the most common Gram-negative (GN) isolate, 216 (42.85%), followed by Escherichia coli 27.7%, Klebsiella pneumoniae 14.35%, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 5.5%. Most of the GP isolates were susceptible to vancomycin and linezolid and GN isolates to imipenem and meropenem.

Conclusion: This study shows the high number of positive blood cultures in ICUs, which can be attributed to increasing use of intravenous devices, interventions, and immunosuppression. Hence, this study may be a useful guide for initiating early empiric therapy for ICU patients and will help in formulation of antibiotic policy in our institute.

Keywords: Bloodstream infections, Intensive care unit, Multidrug resistant.

How to cite this article: Katyal A, Singh D, Sharma M, Chaudhary U. Bacteriological Profile and Antibiogram of Aerobic Blood Culture Isolates from Intensive Care Units in a Teaching Tertiary Care Hospital. J Health Sci Res 2018;9(1):6-10.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Arati C Koregol, Shashikala Dorle, Savita Koregol, Nagaraj B Kalburgi, Kanniappa S Sireesha, Apoorva K Wagh

Gingival Lichen Planus: A Rare Clinicohistopathologic Report

[Year:2018] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:33] [Pages No:15-19][No of Hits : 264]


ABSTRACT

Lichen planus is an autoimmune disease that involves the mucosa of the oral cavity. Pathogenesis of oral lichen planus (OLP) is the target of controversy. Thus, the objective of this article is to report a case of OLP in a 62-year-old male patient and to discuss the main aspects of disease in relation to etiopathogenesis and treatment. Biopsy findings showed focal degeneration of basal cell layer with lymphocytic band in the dermis, parakeratotic horny pearls, and atrophic epidermis with effaced rete ridges. Accurate diagnosis is necessary so that the correct treatment can be established.

Keywords: Autoimmune disease, Civatte bodies, Etiopathogenesis, Oral lichen planus, Wickham’s striae.

How to cite this article: Koregol AC, Dorle S, Koregol S, Kalburgi NB, Sireesha KS, Wagh AK. Gingival Lichen Planus: A Rare Clinicohistopathologic Report. J Health Sci Res 2018;9(1):15-19.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Smriti Ramdas, Rakshith C Guru, Sanjeela R Guru, R Sushma

Awareness, Cost-effectiveness, and Extension of Prosthodontic Treatment to Underprivileged Patients across Dental Colleges in India: A Cross-sectional Survey

[Year:2018] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:33] [Pages No:1-5][No of Hits : 237]


ABSTRACT

India being a developing nation has a significant percentage of population who are living in low socioeconomic conditions. Hence, health care is not considered a priority, and dental awareness is very low. Thus, spreading dental awareness among the poor, and motivating and counseling them will enable promotion of prosthodontic services in order to improve the oral health of patients with missing teeth. A questionnaire-based survey was formulated to evaluate dental colleges across India regarding their methods to spread awareness of dental treatment and various methods to extend the same to underprivileged people in the society. Results of the survey showed that though majority of the colleges were spreading awareness of dental treatment, very few of those were targeted at patients with low socioeconomic status.

Keywords: Awareness, Cost-effectiveness, Dental treatment, Prosthodontics.

How to cite this article: R amdas S, Guru R C, Guru SR, Sushma R. Awareness, Cost-effectiveness, and Extension of Prosthodontic Treatment to Underprivileged Patients across Dental Colleges in India: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Health Sci Res 2018;9(1):1-5.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Yogesh Sahu, Aditi Jain

An Unusual Case of Maxillary First Premolar with Three Root Canals having Two Canals in Buccal Root and One in Palatal

[Year:2018] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:33] [Pages No:20-22][No of Hits : 224]


ABSTRACT

For achieving high levels of success in endodontic therapy a thorough knowledge of internal dental anatomy is fundamental. Lack of understanding of anatomic variations has been pointed as one of the main causes of endodontic therapy failure. Clinicians need to be aware of the unusual numbers of roots and root canal, and it is a challenge to treat teeth with extra roots and/or canals. This case report presents a rare case of successful nonsurgical endodontic management of maxillay first premolar with three roots having two canals in buccal root and one in palatal root canal.

Keywords: Anatomy, Missed canal, Premolar, Two buccal canals.

How to cite this article: Sahu Y, Jain A. An Unusual Case of Maxillary First Premolar with Three Root Canals having Two Canals in Buccal Root and One in Palatal. J Health Sci Res 2018;9(1):20-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Abhinav K Viramgama, HS Umadevi, Kavita Rao, Priya Sanjeevarappa

Isolated Plexiform Neurofibroma of Tongue

[Year:2018] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:33] [Pages No:23-26][No of Hits : 222]


ABSTRACT

Neurofibroma (NF) is a benign tumor of nerve tissue origin, derived from the cells that constitute the nerve sheath. Neurofibroma is seen either as solitary lesion or as a part of generalized syndrome neurofibromatosis (Von Recklinghausen disease of the skin). The solitary form does not differ from the disseminated form or the multiple form of the disease except that systemic and hereditary factors present in the disseminated form are absent in the solitary type.
We report a case of 60-year-old female who visited the department with a complaint of painless swelling on the dorsal surface at the anterior one-third of tongue since 3 to 4 years. The lesion was excised under local anesthesia. Based on the clinical features, histopathological examination, and immunohistochemical analysis, the diagnosis of plexiform neurofibroma (PN) was given. Isolated PN is a rare tumor. The present case is an isolated PN of the tongue that was not associated with neurofibromatosis.
Solitary NFs rarely change into a malignant form. However, Steward and Bailey have drawn attention to the fact that it is important to know whether the tumor is benign or malignant before excision.

Keywords: Mast cells, Plexiform neurofibroma, Tongue.

How to cite this article: Viramgama AK, Umadevi HS, Rao K, Sanjeevarappa P. Isolated Plexiform Neurofibroma of Tongue. J Health Sci Res 2018;9(1):23-26.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Antonio Crispino

Etiology and Treatment of Bisphosphonate-related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

[Year:2018] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:33] [Pages No:11-14][No of Hits : 209]


ABSTRACT

Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a severe adverse drug reaction, consisting of progressive bone destruction in the maxillofacial region of patients. Dental screening and adequate treatment are fundamental to reducing the risk of osteonecrosis in patients under antiresorptive or antiangiogenic therapy, or before initiating the administration. The treatment of BRONJ is generally difficult and the optimal therapy strategy is still to be established. This article elucidates the clinical indications and mechanism of action of bisphosphonates (BPs), reports some of the clinical diagnostic criteria for BRONJ, and describes the histopathological criteria for BRONJ diagnosis, the potential triggering pathways, and the available treatment strategies.

Keywords: Bisphosphonates, Jaw, Osteonecrosis.

How to cite this article: Crispino A. Etiology and Treatment of Bisphosphonate-related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw. J Health Sci Res 2018;9(1):11-14.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Shruti Srinivasan, NS Priya, Kavita Rao, HS Umadevi, T Smitha, HS Sheethal

Cytomorphological Study of Oral Exfoliated Cells in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:38-41][No of Hits : 417]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common endocrine metabolic disorders and its prevalence has been increasing worldwide. It is a third leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. Diabetes affects several organs including the oral cavity. The oral complications of uncontrolled DM can include xerostomia, infection, poor healing, increased incidence and severity of caries, candidiasis, gingivitis, periodontal disease, periapical abscesses, and burning mouth syndrome. Early diagnosis of the DM is an important aspect of health care. Exfoliative cytology is considered a moderate, straightforward, and noninvasive diagnostic marker for DM. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate cytologic changes of the exfoliated oral mucosal cells of diabetic patients using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining technique to establish its role as diagnostic criteria.

Results: The frequency of micronuclei, enlarged nucleus, perinuclear halo, binucleation, cytoplasmic streaks, Candida, and inflammation were found to be statistically significant.

Conclusion: Clinical observations and results suggested morphologic and functional alterations in oral epithelial cells in diabetic patients, detectable by microscopic and cytomorphometric analysis using exfoliative cytology and can be used in diagnosis.

Clinical significance: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate cytologic changes of the exfoliated oral mucosal cells of diabetic patients using H&E staining technique to establish its role as diagnostic criteria.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Exfoliative cytology, Micronuclei.

How to cite this article: Srinivasan S, Priya NS, Rao K, Umadevi HS, Smitha T, Sheethal HS. Cytomorphological Study of Oral Exfoliated Cells in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):38-41.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Poorna Devadoss, Skanda Ramesh, Pradeep Christopher, Anbu Velusamy

A Case of Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease observed during Routine Dental Checkup in an Immunocompetent Healthy Adult Patient

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:42-45][No of Hits : 392]


ABSTRACT

Signs of oral lesions are one of the initial indications for many major diseases. As we come across different lesions during routine dental checkups, we should be aware about the diseases associated with those lesions. A 47-year-old immunocompetent adult patient reported with small erythematous lesions in the hard palate and small ulcers in the tonsillar pillars and right buccal mucosa with mild pyrexia of 37.8°C. Maculopapular lesions were found on the palms and soles. He was diagnosed with hand-foot-mouth disease, which is caused by the following viruses: Enterovirus-71, Coxsackie Virus (CV)- 16, CV-A6, and CV-A10. The severity of this condition leads to meningitis, paralytic polio, and onychomadesis (falling of nails).

Keywords: Erythematous lesions, Hand-foot-mouth disease, Immunocompetent adult, Maculopapular lesions, Meningoencephalitis.

How to cite this article: Devadoss P, Ramesh S, Christopher P, Velusamy A. A Case of Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease observed during Routine Dental Checkup in an Immunocompetent Healthy Adult Patient. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):42-45.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Sanjeev Singh, Abid Z Hussain, RU Thombare, BK Motwani, Shweta Singh, Sachin B Mangalekar

An in vitro Study to evaluate the Effects of Various Polymerizing Conditions on the Flexural Strength of Autopolymerizing Resins

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:15-19][No of Hits : 345]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate the effect of variation in temperature and time intervals on the flexural strength of two brands of autopolymerizing resins polymerized at constant pressure.

Materials and methods: Two autopolymerizing resins RR Cold Cure resin (DPI) and RR-Rapid Repair Powder (Dentsply) were used. A total of 20 samples were fabricated for each group. Samples were polymerized at temperature ranges of 40°, 50°, 60°, and 70°C and at time intervals of 5, 10, and 15 minutes in the customized curing pot, maintaining pressure of 30 psi.

Results: Flexural strength was verified using universal testing machine using three-point bending test and was then compared with all samples and also with the samples cured in open air (control group). The samples cured at higher temperature, i.e., 60° and 70°C, have shown increased strength than those at 40° and 50°C as well as control group. Time interval of 10 minutes is considered sufficient to increase the strength of the resin, as per the results of this study.

Conclusion: The samples cured under varied condition of time and temperature but under constant pressure showed increased strength than those cured in open air.

Clinical significance: The effect of pressure and temperature has been demonstrated, which could be utilized for enhancing the durability of the prosthesis fabricated from autopolymerized resins.

Keywords: Autopolymerizing resin, Flexural strength, Pressure pot.

How to cite this article: Singh S, Hussain AZ, Thombare RU, Motwani BK, Singh S, Mangalekar SB. An in vitro Study to evaluate the Effects of Various Polymerizing Conditions on the Flexural Strength of Autopolymerizing Resins. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):15-19.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Rasana P Veettil, Narayanaswamy Shubhashini, Annapurna Kini, Geeta I Bolbanai

Variations in the Root Morphology of Mandibular Teeth

[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:84-88][No of Hits : 250]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To present two cases of rare morphological variations of mandibular teeth which were successfully treated endodontically.

Background: Variations in root and root canal morphology can be found associated with any tooth with varying degree and incidence. To execute an excellent root canal treatment, the clinician should have thorough knowledge of root canal anatomy.

Case report: Mandibular premolars and canines usually have a single root and single canal. Occurrences of two roots in such teeth are morphological rarities. Endodontic therapy was performed successfully in these rare cases with the help of preoperative radiographs at different angulations.

Conclusion: The root canal system is a complex structure that possesses aberrant anatomical and morphological variations. During endodontic therapy, it is always mandatory to follow the guidelines and laws to understand the complexities of the space that has to be cleaned and obturate.

Clinical significance: Thorough understanding and exploration of the complex root canal system with the help of available diagnostic aids is essential for a successful endodontic therapy.

Keywords: Endodontists enigma, Internal root anatomy, Intricate, Synchronized, Tomes’ root.

How to cite this article: Veettil RP, Shubhashini N, Kini A, Bolbanai GI. Variations in the Root Morphology of Mandibular Teeth. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(2):84-88.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Editorial
N Edwin Devadoss

Editorial

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:iv][No of Hits : 222]


ABSTRACT

Long before the advent of modern medicine, herbs were the mainstream remedies for nearly all ailments. In ancient times, plants were assigned curative powers based on shape or color. Phytotherapy, also sometimes referred to as phytomedicine, has been a part of both eastern and western medical traditions since approximately 2000 BC.


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Nagaraj B Kalburgi, Arati C Koregol, TJ Jerin Mary, Shivaraj Warad, Tejaswini Annam, Nitesh Kataria

Associating Serum Iron and Magnesium Levels in Hypertensive and Chronic Periodontitis Patients: Do They have a Link?

[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:61-65][No of Hits : 220]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Micronutrients have been extensively studied in recent years; of these magnesium and iron are essential for a variety of physiologic functions. Activation of neutrophils is an early effect of hypomagnesemia, which, in turn, causes periodontal tissue destruction. Since magnesium also influences blood pressure regulation by vascular tone and reactivity, its altered levels could contribute to the pathophysiology of hypertension. Iron plays a key role in the formation of reactive oxygen species that causes peroxidative damage to tissues.

Aims and objectives: The present study is designed to estimate the levels of serum iron and magnesium in healthy, chronic periodontitis patients with and without hypertension.

Materials and methods: This study includes 90 subjects, age ranging from 18 to 65 years. They were categorized into three groups as group I: 30 periodontally healthy, group II: 30 chronic periodontitis, and group III: 30 chronic periodontitis with hypertension. Serum magnesium levels were determined using the modified xylidyl blue reaction method and serum iron levels using ferrozine method without deproteinization via photometry.

Results: Biochemical parameters showed mean serum iron levels in chronic periodontitis (59.17) to be significantly reduced as compared with the control group (76.90) and slightly increased in the chronic periodontitis with hypertension group (69.63). Serum magnesium levels were found to be significantly lower in the hypertensive group as compared with the chronic periodontitis and control groups.

Conclusion: Iron and magnesium have a link in the pathophysiology of periodontitis. Serum iron and serum magnesium levels were closely linked to periodontitis and hypertension.

Keywords: Hypertension, Micronutrients, Periodontitis, Peroxidative damage, Reactive oxygen species.

How to cite this article: Kalburgi NB, Koregol AC, Mary TJJ, Warad S, Annam T, Kataria N. Associating Serum Iron and Magnesium Levels in Hypertensive and Chronic PeriodontitisPatients: Do They have a Link? J Health Sci Res 2017;8(2):61-65.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Kodangala P Ashok, Anjani Tripathi, Sahana Ashok

Knowledge, Awareness, and Behavior of Medical and Dental Interns toward Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Patients in Three Colleges of Madhya Pradesh, India: A Cross-sectional Survey

[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:66-71][No of Hits : 212]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: India is one of the countries where a large population is affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It destroys the specific immune system cells called CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) cells leading to an advanced condition called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is one of the life-threatening conditions. It is an infectious disease that can affect caregivers as well. These patients need to be treated with compassion and caution. The doctors need to be aware of the various types of infection, their symptoms, and precautions while treating them. Hence, there is a need to evaluate awareness and behavior among the medical and dental interns while dealing with patients suffering from HIV infection/AIDS patients.

Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional survey explored knowledge, awareness, and behavior of medical and dental interns toward HIV-infected/AIDS patients at People’s University, Bhopal, India. A questionnaire consisting of 25 questions was given to the interns. A total of 350 interns were included in the study; 250 interns were from People’s College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre and People’s Dental Academy, Bhopal, India, while 100 interns were from People’s College of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, India. The collected data were analyzed and subjected to relevant statistics.

Results: Out of 350 questionnairesr eceived, 250 were answered by dental interns and 100 were answered by medical interns. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of percentage knowledge score for dental interns was 76.57 ± 17.67 and for medical interns, it was 83.05 ± 11.04. Median of percentage knowledge score was 84.80 and 86.00 for dental and medical interns respectively. Mann-Whitney U-test showed no significant difference between dental and medical interns for percentage knowledge scores (p > 0.05). The awareness score between the dental and medical interns showed that dental interns (82.34) showed slightly better awareness to the HIV patients than medical interns (81.00), although it was not statistically significant. When the behavior scores were compared between the dental and medical interns, the medical interns showed a higher score (85.4) compared with the dental interns (76.80), which was statistically significant (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The cross-sectional survey showed that medical students had better knowledge but dental interns had better awareness, though both were statistically not significant.
The medical interns had better behavior score than dental interns, which was statistically significant.

Keywords: Awareness, Behavior, Control, Education, Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Knowledge.

How to cite this article: Ashok KP, Tripathi A, Ashok S. Knowledge, Awareness, and Behavior of Medical and Dental Interns toward Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Patients in Three Colleges of Madhya Pradesh, India: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(2):66-71.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Sathyanarayana Sunil, Harsha M Babu

A modified Method for Bone Regeneration using Gelatin Sponge with Bone Graft in treating an Osseous Defect after Root Resection

[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:80-83][No of Hits : 189]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Modern advances in all phases of dentistry have provided the opportunity for patients to maintain a functional dentition for longer periods of time. The disciplines of endodontics, periodontics, and prosthodontics fuse when the molars that have furcation involvements are treated by hemisection or root resection. Preserving the socket in these cases after removing the root or tooth segment and regenerating bone around the remaining portion of the root is an important part of the treatment that determines the prognosis of the tooth.

Case report: To enhance bone regeneration, a modified approach was used while bone grafting, where gelatin sponge was placed along with the synthetic hydroxyapatite and β-tricalcium phosphate in the osseous defect of the lower right first molar tooth following distal root resection. In this case report, the tooth after root resection has shown profound improvement in periodontal health, and the socket was preserved satisfactorily.

Conclusion: The simple modification showed an uneventful healing and excellent periodontal health clinically and good bone fill contributing to socket preservation as seen radiographically. The tooth has continued to serve well as found in the sixth month follow-up.

Clinical significance: The future prospect of using bone graft along with an agent that holds the clot and stabilizes it (gelatin sponge) during healing could serve as a useful treatment procedure, as this combination might act together producing synergistic effects.

Keywords: Gelatin sponge, Root resection, Socket preservation.

How to cite this article: Sunil S, Babu HM. A Modified Method for Bone Regeneration using Gelatin Sponge with Bone Graft in treating an Osseous Defect after Root Resection. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(2):80-83.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Ashok Bhansali, Anuroopa Kishan, Setu Mathur, Gunjan Bhansali

Palmoplantar Keratoderma with Periodontitis

[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:89-92][No of Hits : 178]


ABSTRACT

Palmoplantar keratodermas (PPKs) comprise a heterogeneous group of keratinization disorders with hyperkeratotic thickening of palms and soles. The PPKs are distinguished by their mode of inheritance and by the presence of certain associated clinical features. Periodontitis was reported in association with more than one syndrome characterized by PPK. Knowledge about heterogeneous groups of acquired or hereditary PPK is important, leading to an appropriate diagnosis and corrective therapies in the future. This case report aims at critically reviewing the literature concerned with PPK and its clinical presentation, in addition to other syndromes manifested along with periodontitis.

Keywords: Genetic mutation, Heterogeneity, Palmoplantar keratosis, Periodontitis.

How to cite this article: Bhansali A, Kishan A, Mathur S, Bhansali G. Palmoplantar Keratoderma with Periodontitis. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(2):89-92.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Sathyanarayana Sunil, Harsha M Babu

Root Coverage using Double Papilla with Connective Tissue Graft: A 13-month Report of a Successful Case

[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:77-79][No of Hits : 174]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Several techniques have been used to achieve root coverage and augment attached gingiva, including laterally positioned flaps, coronally positioned flaps, free gingival grafts, guided tissue regeneration, and connective tissue grafting. The decision of using a pedicle procedure or free tissue grafts is based on availability of the adjacent donor site and the width and depth of the defect site.

Case report: In this report, a young female patient reported with a deep and wide recession defect (Miller’s class I) in the upper right central incisor with minimal keratinized gingival width. As the adjacent papillae were wide and showed good donor tissue and augmentation of width and thickness of keratinized gingiva were intended, double-papilla flap and connective tissue graft was performed. The 13-month postoperative showed Cairo’s root coverage esthetic score of 6, satisfying the patient’s esthetic needs.

Conclusion: The root coverage achieved was structurally and functionally stable at 13-month follow-up satisfying the patient’s esthetic needs.

Clinical significance: This procedure seems to be a promising treatment option for deep-wide gingival recessions for root coverage and increasing the thickness and width of keratinized gingiva.

Keywords: Connective tissue graft, Double-papilla flap, Root coverage.

How to cite this article: Sunil S, Babu HM. Root Coverage using Double Papilla with Connective Tissue Graft: A 13-month Report of a Successful Case. J Health Sci Res 2017; 8(2):77-79.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Aparna Srivastava, Poornima Govindraju, Balaji Pachipulusu

Unveiling of Taste Disorders: An Overview

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:12-15][No of Hits : 457]


ABSTRACT

Taste is the sensation produced when a substance in the mouth react chemically with the taste receptor cells located on the taste buds. Taste abnormality associated with abnormal substances, such as food debris, dental plaque, abnormal salivary constituents, metabolic products of bacteria and fungi and inflammatory exudates in the oral cavity. Accurate diagnosis of taste loss is the foremost step in the treatment of taste abnormalities. It is therefore helpful for both patient and health care provider to unravel the accurate cause.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Dysgeusia, Taste, Taste disorder, Tongue.

How to cite this article: Srivastava A, Govindraju P, Pachipulusu B. Unveiling of Taste Disorders: An Overview. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):12-15.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Shivaprasad Bilichodmath, Shilpa Shivanand, Navnita Singh

Immediate Loading of Onepiece Root Form Implant: A Case Report with 3 Years’ Follow-up

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:16-18][No of Hits : 457]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this case report was to evaluate the clinical performance of a onepiece implant in a partially edentulous anterior mandible.

Introduction: Osseointegration being an accepted and welldocumented concept, attention is nowdirected toward simplification of the mechanical design of implants and toward achieving biomechanical success.

Case report: This case report demonstrates the immediate loading of one piece root form implant in esthetically concern patient. Patient came to the clinic with the chief complain of missing lower front teeth and wanted replacement of the same.

Conclusion: A single stage, one piece implant placement with immediate loading provides a good soft tissue healing and minimal postoperative discomfort to the patient.

Clinical significance: One piece root form implants is a reliable treatment protocol in esthetically concerned patients.

Keywords: Immediate provisonalization, Minimally invasive implant placement, Single piece implant.

How to cite this article: Bilichodmath S, Shivanand S, Singh N. Immediate Loading of Onepiece Root Form Implant: A Case Report with 3 Years’ Follow-up. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):16-18.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Sanjeela R Guru, Sinam S Singh, Rakshith C Guru

Peripheral Cemento-ossifying Fibroma: A Report of Two Cases

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:71-75][No of Hits : 395]


ABSTRACT

Peripheral cemento-ossifying fibroma (PCOF) is an osteogenic neoplasm of odontogenic origin with uncertain pathogenesis, which presents as a localized growth manifesting predominantly in adolescent and young adults. Early diagnosis by thorough radiographic and histologic examination is crucial for positive identification of lesions. Proper surgical excision with aggressive curettage of adjoining tissues and complete elimination of etiological factors is extremely important for prevention of recurrence. This clinical report presents two cases of patients who reported with localized gingival overgrowth, diagnosed as PCOF after histological examination. The clinical, radiographic, and histologic features of the two cases are discussed, and postsurgery, the patients have been followed up for a 1-year period with no recurrence. In conclusion, it is difficult clinically to differentiate between the various gingival lesions. Therefore, this article emphasizes that though recurrence rate of PCOF is high, most of these cases can be adequately managed with sound periodontal treatment.

Keywords: Gingiva, Gingival overgrowth, Peripheral cementoossifying fibroma.

How to cite this article: Guru SR, Singh SS, Guru RC. Peripheral Cemento-ossifying Fibroma: A Report of Two Cases. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):71-75.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Suresh K Kasagani, Aditya G Rao, Kafeel Ahmed, Ghousia Fatima, Roopali Tapashetti

Reduction Efficacy in Aerosol Production using 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate Mouthwash in Dental Waterlines: A Clinicomicrobiological Study

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:1-5][No of Hits : 328]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Aerosol is a suspension of solid or liquid particles containing bacteria or viruses, suspended for at least a few seconds in a gas. The aerosol generated by an ultrasonic scaler contains microorganisms that can penetrate into the body through the respiratory system of dental surgeons and patients. The oral cavity harbors numerous bacteria and viruses from the respiratory tract, dental plaque, and oral fluids. Any dental procedure that has a potential to aerosolize saliva will cause airborne contamination with organisms.

Aim: To evaluate and compare the reduction efficacy in the levels of aerosol production at 1 foot, 5 feet, and 10 feet distance using 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in dental waterlines.

Materials and methods: This single-center, randomized, twogroup parallel design study was conducted over a period of 20 days. Twenty patients with chronic periodontitis were randomly divided into two groups: Test group and control group. Both the group samples were subjected to ultrasonic scaling. In the test group, 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash was added in the water dispenser bottle, whereas in the control group, distilled water was used. Blood agar plates were kept at distances of 1 foot, 5 feet, and 10 feet away from the headrest of the dental chair. Blood agar plates were incubated at 37°C for 48 hours, and the total number of colony-forming units (CFUs) was counted and statistically analyzed.

Results: The results of this study revealed that the experimental group showed higher reduction efficacy for aerosol production at 1 foot, 5 feet, and 10 feet distance from the center of the headrest of the dental chair compared with the control group. The results of this study also revealed that the number of CFUs was statistically significant only at 1 foot distance (p = 0.009) from the center of the headrest of the dental chair and not at 5 feet (p = 0.122) and 10 feet (p = 0.507) distances for both the groups.

Conclusion: This present study shows that the patient’s chest area at a distance of 1 foot from the center of the headrest of dental chair receives a greater number of microorganisms than that at distances of 5 feet and 10 feet from the headrest of the dental chair. This validates the use of chlorhexidine in the form of an irrigant in dental waterlines as an additional barrier to cross-contamination, minimizing the risk to team members and the patient.

Keywords: Aerosols, Colony-forming units, Ultrasonic scaling.

How to cite this article: Kasagani SK, Rao AG, Ahmed K, Fatima G, Tapashetti R. Reduction Efficacy in Aerosol Production using 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate Mouthwash in Dental Waterlines: A Clinicomicrobiological Study. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):1-5.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Navnita Singh, P Anuroopa, S Savita

Revitalization of periodontally Compromised Tooth using Platelet-rich Fibrin

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:63-66][No of Hits : 262]


ABSTRACT

The primary objective of periodontal therapy is to gain access to the diseased sites, achieving reduction in pocket depth, arresting further disease progression, and finally restoring the periodontal tissues lost due to disease process. This can be achieved with the help of bone grafts and guided tissue regeneration. In recent times, the use of growth factors in different forms has been advocated to regulate various cell–stromal interactions in periodontal regeneration.
Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), a rich source of autologous growth factors and cytokines, is an upcoming therapeutic approach in the management of periodontal osseous defects. Platelet-rich fibrin along with the commercially available bone grafts provides a potential for enhanced bone and soft tissue regeneration. This case report focuses on saving a mandibular anterior tooth with poor prognosis using PRF and alloplast bone graft to meet with the esthetic demand of patients.

Keywords: Bone graft, Esthetic region, Platelet-rich fibrin.

How to cite this article: Singh N, Anuroopa P, Savita S. Revitalization of periodontally Compromised Tooth using Platelet-rich Fibrin. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):63-66.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Sakshi Kamra, Keerthilatha M Pai, Yogesh Chhaparwal

Intramuscular Hemangioma: Enigmatic Dilemma in Diagnosis

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:67-70][No of Hits : 254]


ABSTRACT

Intramuscular hemangiomas (IMHs) occur when the proliferation of blood vessels is found between the skeletal muscle fibers, and they account for less than 1% of all hemangiomas. We report two cases of IMHs in the rare locations like tongue and temporalis muscle. These hemangiomas should be considered in a differential diagnosis of the soft tissue masses. Radiology plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of these lesions.

Keywords: Hemangioma, Intramuscular, Phleboliths, Temporalis muscle, Tongue.

How to cite this article: Kamra S, Pai KM, Chhaparwal Y. Intramuscular Hemangioma: Enigmatic Dilemma in Diagnosis. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):67-70.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Editorial
N Edwin Devadoss

Editorial

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:iv][No of Hits : 146]


ABSTRACT

Rajarajeswari Dental College & Hospital has just celebrated its 24th College Day and 21st Graduation. These annual celebrations bring out the best of talents among the students. Togetherness is evident in the way they rehearse for the cultural, compete in sports, and perform on the stage. They surprised everyone by their multitalents on the stage and on the sports field.


 
EDITORIAL
N Edwin Devadoss

Editorial

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:iv][No of Hits : 105]


ABSTRACT

Dear Readers,

Once again it is a privilege to connect with the readers of Journal of Health Sciences and Research. NEET examination has revolutionarized medical admissions. This longawaited stream lining will bring cheers to the medical and dental fraternities. We can boast on quality enrolment to medical and dental institutions.


 
Case Report
Pradeep Christopher, Bala Gughan, Poorna Devadoss, Naveen H Krishnamurthy

A Case of Cleft Hypoplastic Maxilla corrected by Single-stage Lefort 1 Osteotomy to improve Esthetics and Function

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:25-27][No of Hits : 497]


ABSTRACT

Among the congenital anomalies, cleft lip and palate take about 14% of the total population; among them, unilateral cleft lip and palate is predominant than bilateral. Cleft lip correction preceding the cleft palate is usually done within a gap of 3 years. Due to the wide median palatal cleft, a perfectly performed Langenbeck pushback closures can leave behind persistent oronasal fistulas during the healing process, due to which severe scarring of palatal mucosa takes place. Secondary alveolar grafting is a procedure performed irrespective of the age for persistent oronasal fistulas. Further closure of nasal and palatal fistula with intervening bone graft is always successful but can compromise the growth of maxilla resulting in hypoplasia. In one such case of a failed secondary alveolar grafting, a Lefort 1 advancement alone was done not only to improve the facial esthetics but also function. This paper discusses in detail the comprehensive surgical procedure performed.

Keywords: Cleft-orthognathic surgery, Cleft secondary correction, Esthetic cleft surgeries.

How to cite this article: Christopher P, Gughan B, Devadoss P, Krishnamurthy NH. A Case of Cleft Hypoplastic Maxilla corrected by Single-stage Lefort 1 Osteotomy to improve Esthetics and Function. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):25-27.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
Usha Jambunath, P Balaji, S Latha, MB Sowbhagya

Pyogenic Granuloma of Buccal Mucosa: An Unusual Presentation

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:8-10][No of Hits : 494]


ABSTRACT

Pyogenic granuloma (PG) or granuloma pyogenicum is a common tumor-like growth of the oral cavity or skin is a kind of inflammatory hyperplasia. It is non-neoplastic in nature and represents an exuberant tissue response to local irritation or trauma. In oral cavity, PG shows striking predilection for gingiva with interdental papilla being most common site in 70% of cases. Other studies reveal 87.09% of PG occur on gingiva, 9.67% occur on lip site and 3.22% occur with buccal mucosa.
Here is a report of unusual case of extragingival PG occurring on the buccal mucosa.

Keywords: Buccal mucosa, Extragingival, Pyogenic granuloma.

How to cite this article: Jambunath U, Balaji P, Latha S, Sowbhagya MB. Pyogenic Granuloma of Buccal Mucosa: An Unusual Presentation. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):8-10.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Samba Siva Reddy, Amera Ayubi, Vinaya K Ramachandra

Esthetic Management of Melanin Hyperpigmentation using Diode Laser: A Report of Four Cases

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:56-59][No of Hits : 384]


ABSTRACT

Gingival hyperpigmentation occurs as triangular/linear/diffuse patches of dark brown to black or light brown to yellow color. Pigmentation may be seen at any age irrespective of sex, although it varies among different races and population. Melanin pigmentation is caused by melanin granules in gingival tissue, which are produced in melanosomes of melanocytes. The ever-increasing demand for esthetics has made individuals conscious of any dark patches of pigmentation, especially on the facial aspects of the anterior gingiva. Melanin hyperpigmentation although medically insignificant is an esthetic concern that is aggravated in individuals with excessive gingival display. Among the plethora of treatment modalities used for depigmentation, lasers have yielded promising results. This case series highlights the effectiveness of diode laser in the management of gingival melanin pigmentation.

Keywords: Depigmentation, Diode laser, Melanin hyperpigmentation.

How to cite this article: Reddy SS, Ayubi A, Ramachandra VK. Esthetic Management of Melanin Hyperpigmentation using Diode Laser: A Report of Four Cases. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(2): 56-59.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Nandita Ahanthem, Sowbhagya Malligere Basavaraju, Balaji Pachipulusu, Nikhat Gazge

Orodental Local Drug Delivery

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:41-46][No of Hits : 380]


ABSTRACT

Oral mucosal diseases are the most common diseases affecting humans and these can be treated with the use of various drugs. These drugs can be administered via many routes to produce its pharmacological bioeffects. One such site is the oral cavity, where both local and systemic deliveries of drug can take place. Oral route has been the most convenient and commonly employed route of drug delivery. The oral mucosa’s accessibility, excellent blood supply, bypass of hepatic first pass metabolism, rapid repair, and permeability profile make it an attractive site for local and systemic drug deliveries. Local drug delivery allows topical treatment of various oral mucosal diseases, as it provides a more targeted and efficient drug-delivery option than systemic delivery. This review highlights various methods of drug delivery and important aspects of mucoadhesive drug delivery and drug dosage for treatment of orodental diseases.

Keywords: Dosage forms, Drug delivery, Mucoadhesive, Oral mucosa, Oral mucosal disease, Transmucosal.

How to cite this article: Ahanthem N, Basavaraju SM, Pachipulusu B, Gazge N. Orodental Local Drug Delivery. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(2):41-46.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Arati C Koregol, Nagaraj Kalburgi, Apoorva Kamat, Jane Mary, Ankita Kotecha

Peripheral Ossifying Fibroma in Rare Site: A Clinicopathological Report

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:60-64][No of Hits : 305]


ABSTRACT

Peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is a slowly growing benign tumor with a high recurrence rate. It is a common occurrence in the maxilla. A nodular mass, either pedunculated or sessile, usually emanating from the interdental papilla. Complete excision of the lesion, including the periosteum, is important to prevent recurrence.
Peripheral ossifying fibroma occurring in the mandible at the age of 50 in the posterior mandible is an occasional entity. This article describes a case of a female patient with a slowly growing pedunculated tumor in the posterior mandible, which was diagnosed as POF.

Keywords: Calcification, Peripheral ossifying fibroma, Recurrence.

How to cite this article: Koregol AC, Kalburgi N, Kamat A, Mary J, Kotecha A. Peripheral Ossifying Fibroma in Rare Site: A Clinicopathological Report. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(2):60-64.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Editorial
N Edwin Devadoss

Editorial

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:iv][No of Hits : 132]


ABSTRACT

Dear Readers,
First of all I thank the contributors, editors, readers and the Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd. for bringing out the current issue of Journal of Health Sciences and Research (JOHSR).


 
CASE REPORT
Priyanka Thakur, Sumit Narang, Anu Narang, Sachin B Mangalekar, Sunaina Shetty, Anuj Parihar

A Combined Interdisciplinary Expertise for the Treatment of Patients with Worn-out Dentition: Report of Two Cases

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:47-51][No of Hits : 131]


ABSTRACT

The gradual wear of the occlusal surfaces of teeth is a normal process during the lifetime of a patient. However, severe occlusal wear can lead to pulpal pathology, occlusal disharmony, impaired function, and esthetic disfigurement. Full mouth rehabilitation is re-establishing a state of functional efficiency in which the teeth and their periodontal structures, the muscles of mastication, and the temporomandibular joint mechanisms all function together in synchronous harmony. Patients with worn out dentition and collapsed occlusion require extensive dental procedure to achieve aesthetics, appropriate function and comfort. This clinical report describes a patient with worn out dentition. Patient underwent interdisciplinary approaches. Endodontic treatment was taken up first so as to take care of all the exposed teeth due to occlusal wear, followed by periodontal rehabilitation for pocket elimination and finally by prosthetic reconstruction.

Keywords: Esthetic, Full mouth rehabilitation, Function stability, Regeneration, Worn out dentition.

How to cite this article: Thakur P, Narang S, Narang A, Mangalekar SB, Shetty S, Parihar A. A Combined Interdisciplinary Expertise for the Treatment of Patients with Worn-out Dentition: Report of Two Cases. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(2):47-51.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Editorial
N Edwin Devadoss

Editorial

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:iv][No of Hits : 117]


ABSTRACT

Dear Readers,
RajaRajeswari Dental College & Hospital is celebrating its Silver Jubilee this year. Journal of Health Sciences & Research will be bringing Silver Jubilee issue soon. Milestones are important both in life and in history and the 25th year calls for celebrations and listing of our achievements.


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Rithesh Kulal, Shashwati Paul, Savita Sambhashivaiah, Shilpa Shivanand

Influence of Professional Oral Hygiene Procedures on Plasma Glucose Levels of systemically Healthy Individuals: A Short-term Study

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:35] [Pages No:29-32][No of Hits : 117]


ABSTRACT

Aims: The treatment of gingival inflammation is associated with improved glycemic control in diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to test the short-term effects of professional oral hygiene procedures on plasma glucose levels in systemically healthy individuals with periodontal diseases.

Materials and methods: Forty-five systemically healthy individuals visiting the RajaRajeswari Dental College & Hospital were randomly allocated into three groups, group I (gingivitis), group II (periodontitis), and group III (healthy control). The subjects of groups I and II were treated by scaling and root planning whereas the healthy control group did not receive any treatment. The plasma glucose levels were estimated at baseline for all the three groups. Plasma glucose levels were again assessed immediately following the oral hygiene procedures and at 1 week recall visit for groups I and II.

Results: All 45 patients completed the study. There were no dropouts. There was no statistically significant change in random blood sugar (RBS) level in group I (gingivitis) from baseline to postoperative whereas there was a statistically significant reduction in the mean RBS levels from postoperative to 1 week. In group II (periodontitis), there was a significant reduction in the mean values of RBS from baseline to postoperative and baseline to 1 week.

Conclusion: This short-term study showed that professional oral hygiene procedures are effective in improving the glycemic status of systemically healthy patients with periodontal diseases.

Keywords: Gingivitis, Glucose, Periodontitis.

How to cite this article: Kulal R, Paul S, Sambhashivaiah S, Shivanand S. Influence of Professional Oral Hygiene Procedures on Plasma Glucose Levels of systemically Healthy Individuals: A Short-term Study. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(2):29-32.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Editorial
N Edwin Devadoss

Editorial

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:v][No of Hits : 265]


ABSTRACT

Barring a few accidental inventions, all scientific innovations are products of research, and research only. Keeping that in mind, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital, established a separate department for research and publications with completely operational polymerase chain reaction equipment and its accessories, to facilitate the access to basic research in the field of oral microbiology and genetics.



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