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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Trismus
G Poornima, C Poornima
[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:32] [Pages No:15-20] [No of Hits : 960]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1004 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Trismus or jaw hypomobility refers to a sustained, tonic spasm of the masticatory muscles. There are various causes for this common symptom where the patient seeks medical intervention immediately, as it impairs speech and eating; causes social injunction leading to fear, anxiety and anger. Successful treatment of trismus depends on prompt recognition of its cause and immediate initiation of appropriate treatment. A thorough knowledge of this hypomobility is essential for successful treatment and to avoid permanent functional disability. This article gives an insight into etiology, differential diagnosis and treatment of trismus.

Keywords: Jaw hypomobility, Masticatory muscles, Spasm, Trismus.

How to cite this article: Poornima G, Poornima C. Trismus. J Health Sci Res 2014;5(2):15-20.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  CASE REPORT
Ludwig’s Angina – Emergency Treatment
KA Kamala, S Sankethguddad, SG Sujith
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:46-48] [No of Hits : 49]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1048 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Ludwig’s angina is a form of severe diffuse cellulitis that presents an acute onset and spreads rapidly, bilaterally affecting the submandibular, sublingual, and submental spaces resulting in a state of emergency. Early diagnosis and immediate treatment planning could be a life-saving procedure. Here, we report a case of Ludwig’s angina successfully treated by surgical decompression under antibiotic coverage.

Keywords: Ludwig’s angina, Management, Odontogenic infection.

How to cite this article: Kamala KA, Sankethguddad S, Sujith SG. Ludwig’s Angina: Emergency Treatment. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):46-48.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Comparative Evaluation of the Effect of Two Desensitizing Dentifrices containing Novamin Technology and Pro-Argin Technology following Scaling and Root Planing
Pooja R Vazhakkat, KS Shobha
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:7-14] [No of Hits : 30]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1041 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the desensitizing efficacy of two commercially available dentifrices, one containing Novamin technology (calcium sodium phosphosilicate, a bioactive glass) and the other containing Pro-Argin technology (arginine and calcium carbonate) when applied after scaling and root planing.

Materials and methods: About 30 subjects having at least two sensitive teeth (total 60 sites) after scaling and root planing were included in this study and randomly divided into two groups, each containing 15 patients: Group I received Pro-Argin technology (arginine and calcium carbonate) and group II received Novamin technology (calcium sodium phosphosilicate, a bioactive glass) containing desensitizing toothpaste. The sensitive teeth were selected on the basis of Schiff cold air sensitivity scale (SCASS) with an air blast hypersensitivity score of 2 or 3 and cold water test with visual analog scale (VAS) score of 4 to 10 responses. The subjects’ response was recorded at baseline (i.e., immediately after treatment) and after 1, 2, and 4 weeks respectively, using the SCASS and VAS scale.

Results: Using Mann-Whitney test, we found no statistically significant differences in the score between the two desensitizing toothpastes. But, there was a statistically significant difference between the baseline and follow-up scores done consecutively for individual toothpastes.

Conclusion: Therefore, within the limitations of the study, we found no statistically significant difference in the efficacy of the two desensitizing toothpastes.

Keywords: Dentifrices, Novamin technology, Visual analog scale.

How to cite this article: Vazhakkat PR, Shobha KS. Comparative Evaluation of the Effect of Two Desensitizing Dentifrices containing Novamin Technology and Pro-Argin Technology following Scaling and Root Planing. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):7-14.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  CASE REPORT
A Case of Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease observed during Routine Dental Checkup in an Immunocompetent Healthy Adult Patient
Poorna Devadoss, Skanda Ramesh, Pradeep Christopher, Anbu Velusamy
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:42-45] [No of Hits : 29]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1047 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Signs of oral lesions are one of the initial indications for many major diseases. As we come across different lesions during routine dental checkups, we should be aware about the diseases associated with those lesions. A 47-year-old immunocompetent adult patient reported with small erythematous lesions in the hard palate and small ulcers in the tonsillar pillars and right buccal mucosa with mild pyrexia of 37.8°C. Maculopapular lesions were found on the palms and soles. He was diagnosed with hand-foot-mouth disease, which is caused by the following viruses: Enterovirus-71, Coxsackie Virus (CV)- 16, CV-A6, and CV-A10. The severity of this condition leads to meningitis, paralytic polio, and onychomadesis (falling of nails).

Keywords: Erythematous lesions, Hand-foot-mouth disease, Immunocompetent adult, Maculopapular lesions, Meningoencephalitis.

How to cite this article: Devadoss P, Ramesh S, Christopher P, Velusamy A. A Case of Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease observed during Routine Dental Checkup in an Immunocompetent Healthy Adult Patient. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):42-45.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Mandibular Second Molar having Four Roots and Unusual Root Canal Morphology
Anuj Bhardwaj, GS Tarun
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:49-52] [No of Hits : 29]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1049 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The objective of this article is to highlight the importance of having a thorough knowledge about the root canal anatomy and the possibility of extra root/root canal.

Materials and methods: This case report presents the endodontic management of a left mandibular second molar with four roots and five canals.

Results: The clinical and radiographic diagnosis shows the existence of four roots and five canals (two in distobuccal root, one in distolingual root, one in mesiobuccal root, and one in mesiolingual root) in mandibular second molar.

Conclusion: Anatomic variation in the number of roots and root canals can occur in any tooth. Close examination of radiographs taken from different angles and careful evaluation of the internal anatomy of teeth is essential or else root canal treatment is likely to fail if extra roots or root canals are not detected.

Keywords: Extra root/root canal, Four-rooted mandibular second molar and multiple angulation radiograph, Mandibular second molar.

How to cite this article: Bhardwaj A, Tarun GS. Mandibular Second Molar having Four Roots and Unusual Root Canal Morphology. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):49-52.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Cytomorphological Study of Oral Exfoliated Cells in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients
Shruti Srinivasan, NS Priya, Kavita Rao, HS Umadevi, T Smitha, HS Sheethal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:38-41] [No of Hits : 28]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1046 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common endocrine metabolic disorders and its prevalence has been increasing worldwide. It is a third leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. Diabetes affects several organs including the oral cavity. The oral complications of uncontrolled DM can include xerostomia, infection, poor healing, increased incidence and severity of caries, candidiasis, gingivitis, periodontal disease, periapical abscesses, and burning mouth syndrome. Early diagnosis of the DM is an important aspect of health care. Exfoliative cytology is considered a moderate, straightforward, and noninvasive diagnostic marker for DM. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate cytologic changes of the exfoliated oral mucosal cells of diabetic patients using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining technique to establish its role as diagnostic criteria.

Results: The frequency of micronuclei, enlarged nucleus, perinuclear halo, binucleation, cytoplasmic streaks, Candida, and inflammation were found to be statistically significant.

Conclusion: Clinical observations and results suggested morphologic and functional alterations in oral epithelial cells in diabetic patients, detectable by microscopic and cytomorphometric analysis using exfoliative cytology and can be used in diagnosis.

Clinical significance: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate cytologic changes of the exfoliated oral mucosal cells of diabetic patients using H&E staining technique to establish its role as diagnostic criteria.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Exfoliative cytology, Micronuclei.

How to cite this article: Srinivasan S, Priya NS, Rao K, Umadevi HS, Smitha T, Sheethal HS. Cytomorphological Study of Oral Exfoliated Cells in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):38-41.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, and Practice toward Minimal Intervention Dentistry among Dental Professionals in Bengaluru City, India
G Suma, Yasin Salman
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:20-24] [No of Hits : 27]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1043 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: The emphasis on caries prevention and early detection has led to a paradigm shift toward the concept of minimal intervention dentistry (MID). Despite the benefits of MID in the preservation of dental components and significant reliability, the clinical application is still limited. This study was, therefore, aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, practices, and clinical decision behaviors of dental professionals of Bengaluru city, Karnataka, India.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional questionnairebased survey was conducted in Bengaluru city, Karnataka, India, in the year 2016 for a period of 1 month among dental professionals. Data were collected using 25 questions focused on knowledge, attitude, practice, and behavior toward MID. The descriptive data were analyzed; statistical evaluation was done by chi-square test.

Results: Among 100 respondents, the mean scores for knowledge, attitude, and clinical decision were 3.57 ± 0.685, 0 to 4; 18.84 ± 2.21, 5 to 25; and 4.69 ± 0.78, 0 to 6 respectively. Data showed that dental professionals had adequate knowledge and a positive attitude toward MID. A weak positive correlation was seen between knowledge and attitude (r = -0.059, p = 0.55) and knowledge and c linical decision (r = -0.050, p = 0.62).

Conclusion: Adequate knowledge and positive attitude neither influenced their clinical decision-making behavior nor their practical application of MID. A nationwide awareness campaign has to be done to alarm the authorities in making and implementing a course of action for updating the practice and clinical decisions behaviors of dental professionals in the country.

Keywords: Dental caries, Dental education, Dental professionals, Minimal intervention dentistry.

How to cite this article: Suma G , Salman Y. Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, and Practice toward Minimal Intervention Dentistry among Dental Professionals in Bengaluru City, India. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):20-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Assessment of Efficacy of Different Teaching Methods of Tooth Brushing on Oral Hygiene Status in Adults
Mohammed Asif, Shobha KS, Anirban Chatterjee
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:25-30] [No of Hits : 27]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1044 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tooth brushing plays a vital role in effective plaque control, which depends on the effectiveness of the particular method and the ease with which the procedure is carried out. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of different teaching methods of tooth brushing on oral hygiene status in adults.

Materials and methods: Eighty subjects were divided into four groups, each with 20 and assigned to different training methods. Twenty subjects were in control group and the rest in the experimental group. Each experimental group was further subdivided into two groups, namely reinforcers and nonreinforcers, with 10 subjects in each group. The plaque scores of these subjects were measured before and 1 week after the training sessions. The data analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 20.0 and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Results: There was significant reduction in the plaque scores due to different training methods (f = 12.218, p < 0.05). Maximum reduction was seen in the instruction on cast method. There was significant difference in the plaque scores in the reinforcers and nonreinforcers (f = 4.897, p < 0.05). A small survey conducted among participants revealed that individual as a model was an easy method to learn brushing.

Conclusion: The instruction on cast method was effective in reducing the plaque scores compared with the other methods.

Keywords: Adults, Plaque scores, Teaching, Tooth brushing.

How to cite this article: Asif M, Shobha KS, Chatterjee A. Assessment of Efficacy of Different Teaching Methods of Tooth Brushing on Oral Hygiene Status in Adults. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):25-30.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Comparative Evaluation of Coronally Advanced Flap with Platelet-rich Fibrin vs Amniotic Membrane for the Treatment of Gingival Recession
Abhishek Gautam
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:31-37] [No of Hits : 26]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1045 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: The purpose of this clinical trial was to compare the outcome of gingival recession technique using the coronally advanced flap (CAF) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and amniotic membrane.

Materials and methods: About 15 patients with bilateral Miller class I buccal gingival recessions (4-5 mm) in maxillary and mandibular canines were selected. The recessions were randomly assigned to receive either the CAF with PRF or the CAF with amniotic membrane. Recession height (RH), recession width (RW), width of keratinized tissue (WKT), thickness of keratinized tissue (TKT), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured at baseline as well as 6 months postsurgery. Patient satisfaction with esthetics, root sensitivity, and postoperative pain was also evaluated.

Results: The average percentages of root coverage for CAF with PRF and CAF with amniotic membrane were 92.95% and 97.40% (p < 0.05) respectively, and the complete root coverage observed was 56.94% and 76.47% respectively. The CAF with amniotic membrane showed a statistically signi.cant increase in TKT (p < 0.05). There were no signi.cant differences between the two groups with regard to RH, RW, WKT, PD, and CAL. The esthetic condition after both treatments was considered satisfactory by the patients.

Conclusion: The outcome of this study reflects that CAF with PRF and amniotic membrane can be successfully used to treat class I gingival recession.

Keywords: Amniotic membrane, Coronally advanced flap, Gingival recession, Platelet-rich fibrin.

How to cite this article: Gautam A. Comparative Evaluation of Coronally Advanced Flap with Platelet-rich Fibrin vs Amniotic Membrane for the Treatment of Gingival Recession. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):31-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Comparison of Ability of Platelet-rich Fibrin vs CollaPlug in maintaining the Buccal Bone Height of Sockets following Extractions in 20 Patients
G Madhan, Madhumati Singh
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:1-6] [No of Hits : 25]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1040 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The preservation of bone volume immediately after tooth removal is necessary to optimize the success of implant placement in terms of esthetics and function. The objectives of this study were to compare the ability of Choukroun’s platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus CollaPlug (Zimmer) in maintaining the buccal bone height of sockets following extractions in patients.

Materials and methods: Twenty patients who required tooth extraction and implant placement were enrolled in this study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. They are group I PRF group and group II CollaPlug group. The vertical buccal crestal bone heights were measured immediately after extraction and 4 months postextraction and implants were placed.

Results: The buccal crestal bone level in the CollaPlug group had a baseline mean of 4.67 ± 0.54 and a postmean of 6.98 ± 0.60, whereas in the PRF group baseline mean was 5.43 ± 0.47 and postmean was 6.93 ± 0.55. The bone resorption was found in both the groups (2.31 mm for CollaPlug and 1.5 mm for PRF), in agreement with previous studies. However, there was increased bone loss in CollaPlug group compared with PRF group, which was found statistically significant.

Conclusion: In conclusion, within the limits of the present study, the two tested socket preservation materials seem to be effective in the treatment of extraction sockets, even though the design of the study did not allow us to evaluate to what extent the clinical improvement could be attributed to the PRF per se, since a negative control was not included in this investigation. However, preparation of PRF is not very cumbersome and inexpensive, which makes it a better socket preservation material than CollaPlug.

Keywords: Choukroun’s platelet-rich fibrin, CollaPlug (Zimmer), Vertical buccal crestal bone heights.

How to cite this article: Madhan G, Singh M. Comparison of Ability of Platelet-rich Fibrin vs CollaPlug in maintaining the Buccal Bone Height of Sockets following Extractions in 20 Patients. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):1-6.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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