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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  CASE REPORT
Ludwig’s Angina – Emergency Treatment
KA Kamala, S Sankethguddad, SG Sujith
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:46-48] [No of Hits : 1029]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1048 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Ludwig’s angina is a form of severe diffuse cellulitis that presents an acute onset and spreads rapidly, bilaterally affecting the submandibular, sublingual, and submental spaces resulting in a state of emergency. Early diagnosis and immediate treatment planning could be a life-saving procedure. Here, we report a case of Ludwig’s angina successfully treated by surgical decompression under antibiotic coverage.

Keywords: Ludwig’s angina, Management, Odontogenic infection.

How to cite this article: Kamala KA, Sankethguddad S, Sujith SG. Ludwig’s Angina: Emergency Treatment. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):46-48.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  CASE REPORT
Mandibular Second Molar having Four Roots and Unusual Root Canal Morphology
Anuj Bhardwaj, GS Tarun
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:49-52] [No of Hits : 521]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1049 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The objective of this article is to highlight the importance of having a thorough knowledge about the root canal anatomy and the possibility of extra root/root canal.

Materials and methods: This case report presents the endodontic management of a left mandibular second molar with four roots and five canals.

Results: The clinical and radiographic diagnosis shows the existence of four roots and five canals (two in distobuccal root, one in distolingual root, one in mesiobuccal root, and one in mesiolingual root) in mandibular second molar.

Conclusion: Anatomic variation in the number of roots and root canals can occur in any tooth. Close examination of radiographs taken from different angles and careful evaluation of the internal anatomy of teeth is essential or else root canal treatment is likely to fail if extra roots or root canals are not detected.

Keywords: Extra root/root canal, Four-rooted mandibular second molar and multiple angulation radiograph, Mandibular second molar.

How to cite this article: Bhardwaj A, Tarun GS. Mandibular Second Molar having Four Roots and Unusual Root Canal Morphology. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):49-52.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Comparative Evaluation of Coronally Advanced Flap with Platelet-rich Fibrin vs Amniotic Membrane for the Treatment of Gingival Recession
Abhishek Gautam
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:31-37] [No of Hits : 511]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1045 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: The purpose of this clinical trial was to compare the outcome of gingival recession technique using the coronally advanced flap (CAF) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and amniotic membrane.

Materials and methods: About 15 patients with bilateral Miller class I buccal gingival recessions (4-5 mm) in maxillary and mandibular canines were selected. The recessions were randomly assigned to receive either the CAF with PRF or the CAF with amniotic membrane. Recession height (RH), recession width (RW), width of keratinized tissue (WKT), thickness of keratinized tissue (TKT), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured at baseline as well as 6 months postsurgery. Patient satisfaction with esthetics, root sensitivity, and postoperative pain was also evaluated.

Results: The average percentages of root coverage for CAF with PRF and CAF with amniotic membrane were 92.95% and 97.40% (p < 0.05) respectively, and the complete root coverage observed was 56.94% and 76.47% respectively. The CAF with amniotic membrane showed a statistically signi.cant increase in TKT (p < 0.05). There were no signi.cant differences between the two groups with regard to RH, RW, WKT, PD, and CAL. The esthetic condition after both treatments was considered satisfactory by the patients.

Conclusion: The outcome of this study reflects that CAF with PRF and amniotic membrane can be successfully used to treat class I gingival recession.

Keywords: Amniotic membrane, Coronally advanced flap, Gingival recession, Platelet-rich fibrin.

How to cite this article: Gautam A. Comparative Evaluation of Coronally Advanced Flap with Platelet-rich Fibrin vs Amniotic Membrane for the Treatment of Gingival Recession. J Health Sci Res 2017;8(1):31-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  REVIEW ARTICLE
A Comprehensive Review on Dental Calculus
Suchetha Aghanashini, Bhavana Puvvalla, Darshan B Mundinamane, SM Apoorva, Divya Bhat, Manjari Lalwani
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:42-50] [No of Hits : 1839]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1034 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Dental calculus is a hard deposit that is formed by calcification of dental plaque primarily composed of calcium phosphate mineral salts which is deposited on natural teeth and restorations and is covered by a layer of unmineralized plaque. These hard deposits may form coronal to or apical to the gingival margin, hence named accordingly as supragingival and subgingival calculus respectively. The distribution of calculus is very versatile and it differs from individual to individual, from tooth to tooth, and from surface to surface. So, a thorough knowledge on prevalence of calculus is important for the clinician in outlining the treatment plan. It is a well-known fact that calculus is itself not an inducing agent for pathological changes that occur in gingival tissues; instead it is covered by a layer of unmineralized plaque which is proven to be the key etiological agent involved in these pathogenic mechanisms. But, attributing to the porosity of calculus and its ability to retain bacterial antigens makes it an important contributing factor in initiating and accentuating periodontal disease progression. In this review, we made an attempt to discuss various aspects of calculus composition, its formation, and its etiological significance in periodontal disease progression.

Keywords: Calculus, Gingival margin, Periodontal diseases, Prevalence, Unmineralized plaque.

How to cite this article: Aghanashini S, Puvvalla B, Mundinamane DB, Apoorva SM, Bhat D, Lalwani M. A Comprehensive Review on Dental Calculus. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):42-50.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Traumatic Fibroma: A Case Series
Navnita Singh, Shivaprasad Bilichodmath, Savita Sambhashivaiah
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:28-31] [No of Hits : 1766]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1030 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: This article addresses the clinical presentation, diagnosis, histological features, and treatment of two cases of fibroma.

Background: Fibromas are proliferative fibrous lesions of the gingiva and oral mucosa that may cause esthetic and functional problems. Fibrous hyperplasia and fibroepithelial hyperplasia are histological variants of these nonneoplastic lesions.

Case description: Case 1 demonstrated an overgrowth in the lower back tooth region. Case 2 was present at the corner of the lip mucosa. Both the growths were pale in color, sessile, painless, and firm in consistency. Lesions caused discomfort during chewing of food. Thus, both the lesions were excised using diode laser in continuous mode and sent for histopathological assessment.

Conclusion: These lesions are a result of trauma/chronic irritation and arise from cells of oral mucous membrane or periosteum.

Clinical significance: The cases demonstrate the need for proper diagnosis, role of biopsy, and histologic evaluation in the management of these lesions.

Keywords: Case series, Diode laser, Fibroepithelial hyperplasia, Traumatic fibroma.

How to cite this ar ticle: Singh N, Bilichodmath S, Sambhashivaiah S. Traumatic Fibroma: A Case Series. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):28-31.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Rotary Endodontics or Reciprocating Endodontics: Which is New and Which is True?
Gourav K Sahu, Shivani Consul, KJ Nandakishore, N Shubhashini, IB Geeta, Md Idris
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:41] [Pages No:51-57] [No of Hits : 1635]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1035 | FREE

ABSTRACT

In the past, shaping of root canals was done using stainless steel (SS) hand files. The introduction of rotary instrumentation has revolutionized the art and science of endodontic practice in the last decade with predictable success. The rotary files have been subjected to constant evolution in the form of metallurgy, design features, and the manner in which these instruments are driven (rotary/reciprocation), etc., resulting in revolution, both within the canal and in the area of contemporary endodontics. The purpose of this review is to identify publications regarding the evaluation, to present comprehensive and critical summaries of current knowledge, and to provide an update of the rotary and reciprocating concept, which is new and which is true.

Keywords: Reciproc, Reciprocating motion, Rotary motion, Single file, WaveOne.

How to cite this article: Sahu GK, Consul S, Nandakishore KJ, Shubhashini N, Geeta IB, Idris Md. Rotary Endodontics or Reciprocating Endodontics: Which is New and Which is True? J Health Sci Res 2016;7(2):51-57.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Papilla Reconstruction: Reclaiming the Lost!
Mahantesha Sharanappa, Kranti Konuganti, Apoorva Kumar, Rima
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:19-22] [No of Hits : 1067]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1028 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Increasing esthetic demands of the modern era has converted modern dentistry to pink and white esthetic dentistry. One of the most difficult goals in the regeneration of the soft tissues is the reconstruction of interdental papilla. A number of techniques have been tried, but the results still lack predictability. Nonsurgical techniques include repeated curettage of the interdental papilla, orthodontic and restorative correction, and hyaluronic acid application, while surgical techniques include pedicle and free gingival graft, connective tissue grafts, and subepithelial connective tissue graft. This article presents a report of two cases where a combination of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and pedicle graft was utilized to retain maximum vascularity and minimize scar tissue formation. The atraumatic management of the tissues with a pouch-like design avoids tension and pressure and is critical for the success of the procedure. Adequate fill of the interdental papilla was observed in both the cases and the results were stable up to 6 months.

Keywords: Hyaluronic acid, Interdental papilla, Plateletderived growth factor, Platelet-rich fibrin, Transforming growth factor-beta.

How to cite this article: Sharanappa M, Konuganti K, Kumar A, Rima. Papilla Reconstruction: Reclaiming the Lost! J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):19-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Assessment of Periodontal Inflamed Surface Area and Its Relationship with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes
Sakthi Devi, Senthil Murugappan, Mythili Swaminathan, Karthikeyan Ilangovan Sachin B Mangalekar, Anitha Kannaiyan
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:34] [Pages No:6-11] [No of Hits : 509]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1025 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The objective of this study is to assess the periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) and its relationship with glycemic control in type 2 diabetes with and without periodontitis.

Materials and methods: A study was performed on 60 outpatients (males and females) reporting to the Department of Periodontics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital and the Diabetic Clinic, Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu. The age of the study subjects ranged from 40 to 60 years. Patients having HbA1c levels > 7 mg/dl were diagnosed as type 2 diabetes mellitus and were enrolled in the study. The selected patients were divided into two groups of 30 patients each, with at least eight remaining teeth present: Group I - Diabetic patients with periodontitis (test) with probing pocket depth (PPD) of 3 to 10 mm and bleeding on probing (BOP), and Group II - Diabetic patients without periodontitis (periodontally healthy as control) with PPD not exceeding 3 mm and limited BOP. Subjects were excluded if they were under systemic antibiotics 3 months prior and during the study and if they have undergone periodontal treatment 6 months prior to the study.

Results: When HbA1c increased, the PISA values also increased in type 2 diabetic patients with and without periodontitis.

Conclusion: The cross-sectional clinical study reveals that there is a linear association between diabetes and PISA in type 2 diabetic patients with and without periodontitis.

Keywords: Glycosylated hemoglobin A, Periodontal inflamed surface area, Periodontitis, Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

How to cite this article: Devi S, Murugappan S, Swaminathan M, Ilangovan K, Mangalekar SB, Kannaiyan A. Assessment of Periodontal Inflamed Surface Area and Its Relationship with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes. J Health Sci Res 2016;7(1):6-11.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  Case Report
Esthetic Correction of Gummy Smile by Gingivectomy using Diode Laser
Shivaprasad BM, MP Rakesh, Sandeep S Prabhu
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:17-21] [No of Hits : 958]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1013 | FREE

ABSTRACT

A pleasant smile is considered a symbol of beauty and well being in the modern society periodontology extensively deals with soft tissue surgeries. However, pain, trauma, bleeding, postoperative edema and scarring are often associated with conventional methods of surgery which are problematic for both the patient and the clinician. Hence, to overcome these drawbacks, 940 nm diode laser was used to perform various periodontal surgical procedures. This case report highlights the use of diode laser to correct gummy smile for better shape, contour and gingival margin.

Keywords: Diode laser, Excessive gingival display, Gingivectomy, Gummy smile.

How to cite this article: Shivaprasad BM, Rakesh MP, Prabhu SS. Esthetic Correction of Gummy Smile by Gingivectomy using Diode Laser. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):17-21.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  Case Report
Dentigerous Cyst Associated with Impacted Third Molar
MS Nalini, Balasubramanya Kumar, Sunil Shroff
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:27] [Pages No:11-13] [No of Hits : 548]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1011 | FREE

ABSTRACT

A dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst associated with the crown of the impacted or unerupted teeth. Such cyst remains initially completely asymptomatic unless when infected and can be discovered only on routine radiographic examination. Here is a case of dentigerous cyst, present in left mandibular region associated with cortical expansion and facial asymmetry which has been enucleated and the tooth extracted surgically is discussed in present case report.

Keywords: Case report, Dentigerous cyst, Ectopic tooth, Impacted, Odontogenic cyst.

How to cite this article: Nalini MS, Kumar B, Shroff S. Dentigerous Cyst Associated with Impacted Third Molar. J Health Sci Res 2015;6(1):11-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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