Journal of Health Sciences & Research

Register      Login

VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Dental Caries Experience among School-going Children Based on Diet, Physical Activity, and Adiposity in South Bengaluru: A Questionnaire Study

BS Shakuntala, P Sirisha, Manasi P Kulkarni

Keywords : Adiposity, Diet, Dental caries, Physical activity

Citation Information : Shakuntala B, Sirisha P, Kulkarni MP. Dental Caries Experience among School-going Children Based on Diet, Physical Activity, and Adiposity in South Bengaluru: A Questionnaire Study. J Health Sci Res 2019; 10 (1):1-6.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1075

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries remains to be a significant health concern since childhood. Caries prevalence in developing nations has increased due to an array of factors such as diet, low socioeconomic status, exposure to fluorides, ethnicity, age, the limited access to oral health services, and other lifestyle factors. Childhood obesity and physical activity are interrelated and have known to influence dental caries prevalence. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of diet, physical activity, and adiposity in children from schools of two different lifestyles and its influence on dental caries. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was performed by recruiting 300 children in the age group of 6–10 years. The schools were categorized into two groups: group I—day scholar schools and group II—residential schools. The data regarding the diet, physical activity, and adiposity were collected using a questionnaire given to the child and the parent. Anthropometric measurements of all the children were recorded. Results: The consumption of junk and access to gadgets was greater in group I children compared to that in group II and the amount of physical activity was greater in residential schools. The group I school children were known to be more obese compared to the children from group II and a statistical significance was seen with the caries experience among the two groups. Conclusion: Diet, physical activity, and adiposity could influence the dental caries experience among school-going children.


PDF Share
  1. Marshall TA, Eichenberger-Gilmore JM, et al. Dental caries and childhood obesity: roles of diet and socioeconomic status. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2007 Dec;35(6):449–458. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2006.00353.x.
  2. Sheiham A, James WP. Diet and dental caries: the pivotal role of free sugars reemphasized. J Dent Res 2015 Oct;94(10):1341–1347. DOI: 10.1177/0022034515590377.
  3. Merchant AT, Dehghan M, et al. Diet, physical activity, and adiposity in children in poor and rich neighbourhoods: a cross-sectional comparison. Nutr J 2007 Dec;6(1):1. DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-6-1.
  4. Gortmaker SL, Peterson K, et al. Reducing obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth: Planet Health. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1999 Apr 1;153(4):409–418. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.153.4.409.
  5. Rockett HR, Wolf AM, et al. Development and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of older children and adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 1995 Mar 1;95(3):336–340. DOI: 10.1016/S0002-8223(95)00086-0.
  6. Janssen I, Katzmarzyk PT, et al. Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Obesity Working Group. Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patterns. Obes Rev 2005 May;6(2):123–132. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2005.00176.x.
  7. Fukuda H, Ogada CN, et al. Oral health status among 12-year-old children in a rural Kenyan community. J Dent Oral Health 2014;1:1–5. DOI: 10.17303/jdoh.2014.201.
  8. Tadakamadla SK, Tadakamadla J, et al. Dental caries in relation to socio-behavioral factors of 6-year-old school children of Udaipur district, India. Dent Res J 2012 Nov;9(6):681.
  9. Tripathi S, Kiran K, et al. Relationship between obesity and dental caries in children-A preliminary study. J Int Oral Health 2010 Dec 1;2(4):65–72.
  10. Jong-Lenters M, Dommelen P, et al. Body mass index and dental caries in children aged 5 to 8 years attending a dental paediatric referral practice in the Netherlands. BMC Res Notes 2015 Dec;8(1):738. DOI: 10.1186/s13104-015-1715-6.
  11. Hayden C, Bowler JO, et al. Obesity and dental caries in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemil 2013 Aug;41(4):289–308. DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12014.
  12. Creske M, Modeste N, et al. How do diet and body mass index impact dental caries in Hispanic elementary school children? ADHA 2013 Feb 1;87(1):38–46.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.