The recent outburst of new pandemic disease coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from Wuhan City, China mainland, suddenly rose between November and December 2019. It has currently become a public health emergency globally as stated by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020. Coronaviruses (CoVs) have been described for more than 50 years ago. CoVs infect many species of animals, including humans. Human CoVs caused only the common cold. However, in the spring of 2003, it became clear that a new human CoV was responsible for the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The origin of the SARS-CoV poses interesting questions about CoV evolution and species specificity. With the occurrence of the SARS epidemic, CoV may now be considered “emerging pathogens.” The main objective of this paper is to review and to enlighten the COVID-19 virus and its pathogenesis. Thus, the present review shows a brief and the basic information about the COVID-19.
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