Journal of Health Sciences & Research

Register      Login

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

COVID-19: A Review on Recent Pandemic

Jyoti Zingade, Swapna Avula, Pavan K Gujjar, Saroj Thakur

Keywords : Coronavirus COVID-19, Middle East respiratory syndrome, SARS-CoV-2

Citation Information : Zingade J, Avula S, Gujjar PK, Thakur S. COVID-19: A Review on Recent Pandemic. J Health Sci Res 2021; 12 (1):8-10.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1102

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 21-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

The recent outburst of new pandemic disease coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from Wuhan City, China mainland, suddenly rose between November and December 2019. It has currently become a public health emergency globally as stated by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020. Coronaviruses (CoVs) have been described for more than 50 years ago. CoVs infect many species of animals, including humans. Human CoVs caused only the common cold. However, in the spring of 2003, it became clear that a new human CoV was responsible for the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The origin of the SARS-CoV poses interesting questions about CoV evolution and species specificity. With the occurrence of the SARS epidemic, CoV may now be considered “emerging pathogens.” The main objective of this paper is to review and to enlighten the COVID-19 virus and its pathogenesis. Thus, the present review shows a brief and the basic information about the COVID-19.


PDF Share
  1. Tyrrel, DAJ, Almedia JD, Berry DM, et al. Coronavirus. Nature 1968;220:650. DOI: 10.1038/220650b0.
  2. Aldahlawi SA, Afifi IK. COVID-19 in dental practice: transmission risk, infection control challenge, and clinical implications. Open Dent J 2020;14:348–354. DOI: 10.2174/1874210602014010348.
  3. Ouassou H, Kharchoufa L, Bouhrim M, et al. The pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): evaluation and prevention. J Immunol Res 2020;2020:1357983. DOI: 10.1155/2020/1357983.
  4. Atas O, Yildirim TT. Evaluation of knowledge, attitudes, and clinical education of dental students about COVID-19 pandemic. Peer J 2020;2020:9575. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.9575.
  5. Cantas L, Suer K. Review: the important bacterial zoonoses in “One Health” concept. Front Public Health 2014;2:144. DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00144.
  6. Villani FA, Aiuto R, Paglia L et al. COVID-19 and dentistry: prevention in dental practice, a literature review. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:4609. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17124609.
  7. Bhardwaj SS, Alduwayhi S, Bhardwaj A. COVID-19, various treatment options and special considerations for dentistry. J Pharm Res Int 2020;32(10):70–76. DOI: 10.9734/jpri/2020/v32i1030494.
  8. Fallahi HR, Keyhan SO, Zandian D, et al. Being a front-line dentist during the Covid-19 pandemic: a literature review. Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg 2020;42:12. DOI: 10.1186/s40902-020-00256-5.
  9. Su S, Wong G, Shi W, et al. Epidemiology, genetic recombination, and pathogenesis of coronaviruses. Trends Microbiol 2016;24: 490–502. DOI: 10.1016/j.tim.2016.03.003.
  10. Kamate SK, Sharma S, Thakar S, et al. Assessing knowledge, attitudes and practices of dental practitioners regarding the COVID-19 pandemic: a multinational study. Dent Med Probl 2020;57(1):11–17. DOI: 10.17219/dmp/119743.
  11. Spagnuolo G, De Vito D, Rengo S, et al. COVID-19 outbreak: an overview on dentistry. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:2094. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17062094.
  12. Hua F, Qin D, Yan J, et al. COVID-19 related experience, knowledge, attitude, and behaviors among 2,669 orthodontists, orthodontic residents, and nurses in China: a cross-sectional survey. Front Med 2020;7:481. DOI: 10.3389/fmed.2020.00481.
  13. COVID.19 and dental preparedness. J Dent Defence Sect. 2020. Available at: http://www.journaldds.org
  14. Gupta P, Bhagyalakshmi A, Mehta P. COVID-19: a dental perspective. Int J Community Med Public Health 2020;7(5):1994–1997. DOI: 10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20202020.
  15. Khatod S, Ikhar A, Nikhade P, et al. Preventive measures for dental professionals during worldwide emergency COVID-19. Int J Res Pharm Sci 2020;11(1):150–153. Available at: https://pharmascope.org/index.php/ijrps. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v11iSPL1.
  16. Chen D, Yang H, Cao Y, et al. Expert consensus for managing pregnant women and neonates born to mothers with suspected or confirmed novel coronavirus (COVID-h19) infection. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2020;149(2):130–136. DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.13146.
  17. Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. J Autoimmunity 2020;109:102433. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaut.2020.102433.
  18. Srivastava S, Tandon P. Dealing with dental patients during and after coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. Indian J Dent Sci 2020;12:3. Available at: http://www.ijds.in/text.asp?2020/12/3/172/292279 DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_54_20.
  19. Rajalakshmi G, Sarika K. COVID-ified dentistry: clinical dentistry in COVID era. Int J Sci Healthcare Res 2020;5:2. Available at: https://ijshr.com/IJSHR_Vol.5_Issue.2_April2020/IJSHR0048.pdf
  20. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet 2020;395(10223):507–513. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30211-7.
  21. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet 2020;395(10223):497–506. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30183-5.
  22. Peiris JS, Yuen KY, Oserhaus AD, et al. The severe acute respiratory syndrome. N Eng J Med 2003;349(25):2431–2441. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra032498.
  23. Guan W, Ni Z, Hu Y, et al. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Eng J Med 2020;382:1708–1720. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMOa2002032.e.
  24. Koichi Y, Fujiogi M, Koutsogiannaki S. COVID-19 pathophysiology: a review. Clin Immunol 2020;215:108427. DOI: 10.1016/j.clim.2020.108427.
  25. Pan Y, Zhang D, Yang P, et al. Viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in clinical samples. Lancet Infect Dis 2020;24:30113–30114. DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30113-4.
  26. Zou L, Ruan F, Huang M, et al. SARS-CoV-2 viral load in upper respiratory specimens of infected patients. N Engl J Med 2020;382:1177–1179. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc2001737.
  27. To KK, Tsang OT, Leung WS, et al. Temporal profiles of viral load in posterior oropharyngeal saliva samples and serum antibody responses during infection by SARS CoV-2: an observational cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis 2020;23:30196–30191. DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30196-1.
  28. Wolfel R, Corman VM, Guggemos W, et al. Virological assessment of hospitalized patients with COVID-2019. Nature 2020;581(7809):465–469. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2196-x.
  29. Chan PK, To WK, Ng KC, et al. Laboratory diagnosis of SARS. Emerg Infect Dis 2004;10:825–831. DOI: 10.3201/eid1005.030682.
  30. Kim C, Ahmed JA, Eidex RB, et al. Comparison of nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs for the diagnosis of eight respiratory viruses by real-time reverse transcription-PCR assays. PLoS One 2011;6:e21610. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021610.
  31. Druce J, Garcia K, Tran T, et al. Evaluation of swabs, transport media, and specimen transport conditions for optimal detection of viruses by PCR. J Clin Microbiol 2012;50:1064–1065. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.06551-11.
  32. To KK, Lu L, Yip CC, et al. Additional molecular testing of saliva specimens improves the detection of respiratory viruses. Emerg Microbes Infect 2017;6:e49. DOI: 10.1038/emi.2017.35.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.