Medical emergencies have a way of happening unexpectedly, so one has to be prepared for an emergency before it happens. When a true emergency happens in the hospitals, clinics, or in home, the first few minutes can mean the difference between life and death. If we review protocol thoroughly before the stress of an emergency, we will be better able to think with a clear head. This will enable to react effectively and quickly to provide help to someone who really needs it. When the dentist sets priorities for preventive measures, an understanding of the relative frequency of emergencies and knowledge of those likely to produce serious morbidity and mortality are important. Recognition, prevention, preparation, basic life support, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and specific medical emergencies are the priorities for the prevention of medical emergencies in dentistry. This review gives the idea of common medical emergencies, which may occur in dental office and their management protocol.
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