Background: Pregnancy beyond dates is one of the most frequent clinical dilemmas faced by the obstetrician. Postdated pregnancy is a universally accepted indication for antenatal fetal monitoring because of the increased risk of antepartum fetal demise with advancing gestational age.
Method: This study was a retrospective observational study for 1 year to analyze the maternal and fetal outcomes of postdated pregnancies. Data were collected from hospital records and analyzed.
Results: In the present study, the incidence of postdated pregnancy was found to be 6.23; 0.46% were spontaneous vaginal deliveries, and 30% were induced deliveries. The lower segment cesarean section (LSCS) was done in 21% of patients and failed induction being the most common indication for LSCS. Maternal complications were seen in 12 (12%) cases, and fetal complications were found in 13 (13%) cases.
Conclusion: Management protocol for postdated pregnancy is fetal surveillance for prolonged pregnancy, induction of labor, and proper monitoring of labor during intrapartum care.
Kodangala P Ashok,
SS Manikanta Thirumalasetty,
Abdul Riyaz Shaik,
Lakshmi SD Ganni
How to cite this article:
Masapu A, Ashok KP, Sangineedy J, Thirumalasetty SM, Shaik AR, Ganni LS. Assessment of Knowledge and Awareness among Dental Students on COVID-19 Prior to Opening of Colleges in Andhra Pradesh: A Questionnaire Survey. J Health Sci Res 2021; 12 (1):5-7.
Context: To assess the basic knowledge and awareness of the dental students about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Aims: The purpose of this study is to evaluate how well the dental students have the knowledge and awareness of COVID-19 in the event of the opening of dental colleges.
Settings and design: A questionnaire survey containing 20 questions was prepared for the students of dental colleges in Andhra Pradesh and the link was sent to them.
Materials and Method: The questionnaire was prepared on the basis of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. An online survey was designed, and the link was forwarded to all undergraduates (UGs), interns, and postgraduates (PGs) of all dental colleges of Andhra Pradesh. Questions were prepared to examine the basic knowledge about COVID-19, and concerns and awareness around how to prevent exposure to coronavirus in the event of the opening of dental colleges in Andhra Pradesh. The link was forwarded to 3,000 students approximately, out of which only 750 gave the response.
Statistical analysis: Statistical data were obtained from Google Forms, and comparative evaluation was done using the Pearson\'s Chi-square test among UG (group 1), interns (group 2), and PG students (group 3). Data are analyzed using SPSS software version 20.
Results: Students have awareness regarding basic knowledge of coronavirus; most of them lack appropriate or exact knowledge of the precautionary measures to be taken before entering a clinic, or diagnostic methods for the confirmation of COVID-19 cases or donning and doffing of personal protective equipment (PPE) in emergency situations or postexposure precautions.
Key message: Opening of colleges has to be considered only after emphasizing the students by giving proper training sessions about COVID-19 protocol.
Pavan K Gujjar,
The recent outburst of new pandemic disease coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from Wuhan City, China mainland, suddenly rose between November and December 2019. It has currently become a public health emergency globally as stated by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020. Coronaviruses (CoVs) have been described for more than 50 years ago. CoVs infect many species of animals, including humans. Human CoVs caused only the common cold. However, in the spring of 2003, it became clear that a new human CoV was responsible for the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The origin of the SARS-CoV poses interesting questions about CoV evolution and species specificity. With the occurrence of the SARS epidemic, CoV may now be considered “emerging pathogens.” The main objective of this paper is to review and to enlighten the COVID-19 virus and its pathogenesis. Thus, the present review shows a brief and the basic information about the COVID-19.
Medical emergencies have a way of happening unexpectedly, so one has to be prepared for an emergency before it happens. When a true emergency happens in the hospitals, clinics, or in home, the first few minutes can mean the difference between life and death. If we review protocol thoroughly before the stress of an emergency, we will be better able to think with a clear head. This will enable to react effectively and quickly to provide help to someone who really needs it. When the dentist sets priorities for preventive measures, an understanding of the relative frequency of emergencies and knowledge of those likely to produce serious morbidity and mortality are important. Recognition, prevention, preparation, basic life support, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and specific medical emergencies are the priorities for the prevention of medical emergencies in dentistry. This review gives the idea of common medical emergencies, which may occur in dental office and their management protocol.
Root coverage procedures for managing gingival recessions are found to be effective; however, each technique varies in its indication and its surgical procedure.
Coronally advanced flap (CAF) is a widely used surgical procedure for root coverage. Several regenerative materials, such as platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), are also combined with it to improve the clinical outcome. This case report compares CAF in combination with PRF and CAF alone, to overview on the technique that has been carried out and provided better results and complete root coverage.
Aim: Odontogenic tumors (OTs) are a group of lesions encountered in the jaw with diverse histologic patterns. Few cases of hybrid OT have been reported in the literature, and the current knowledge in this entity is limited principally due to its sporadic occurrence and diverse complex histologic picture.
Background: Few cases of hybrid presentation of other OT with ameloblastoma are reported previously. This is most often a dilemma to the clinicians and pathologists. This may delay the proper treatment strategy in patients, leading to comorbidities. Ameloblastoma is a benign OT characterized by local aggressiveness, unlimited growth potential, malignant transformation, and metastasis.
Case description: This paper reports a case of a hybrid variant of ameloblastoma with adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) seen in the maxillary region with calcifications and a history of three times recurrence. AOT is believed to be hamartomatous in origin derived from odontogenic epithelium of dental lamina or its remnants. To date, very few cases of this entity have been reported, and it is considered to be either true hybrids or an anomalous histodifferentiation or morphodifferentiation in origin. It is demonstrated with combination of either typical or atypical AOT with ameloblastoma. This type of lesion needs adequate treatment and follow-up modalities.
Conclusion: Hybrid entities are very rare tumors comprising two different tumors each of which conforms to an exactly defined tumor category. Therefore, the identification and treatment of such an entity are extremely important.
Clinical significance: Cases with long-term history and recurrences should be evaluated with proper clinical and histological examination.