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Volume 12, Number 2, July-December 2021

Original Article

Shivani Juneja, Simranjot Kaur, Shobha Rana, Ashwani Kumar, Kulvir Singh

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Healthcare Workers on the Use of Hydroxychloroquine Prophylaxis against COVID-19 Infection

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:27 - 30]

Keywords: Coronavirus, Healthcare, Hydroxychloroquine, Prophylaxis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1107  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction/aim: Coronavirus has created critical situations around the world. It became a global challenge to adopt preventive measures and start a supportive therapy. The use of hydroxychloroquine as prophylaxis was advised by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). In view of this recommendation, this study was planned to know the perspective of healthcare workers (HCWs) on hydroxychloroquine. The knowledge, attitude, and practice of HCWs on the use of hydroxychloroquine prophylaxis against coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) had been assessed in this study. Materials and methods: A validated e-questionnaire including 20 questions was shared with the HCWs via the identified WhatsApp groups as well as the official mail IDs. Data were collected online through Google forms and analyzed by using descriptive analysis. Results: A total of 76 HCWs participated in this study, whereas 42% of them were working in COVID-19-assigned areas. Twenty-nine (38%) HCWs agreed that the standard precautions could avoid cross-transmission of COVID-19 infection but a few of them consider hydroxychloroquine prophylaxis as a standard precaution. Conclusion: Hydroxychloroquine was advised by ICMR for COVID-19 prophylaxis; however, a small proportion of HCWs considered it as a standard precaution against COVID-19 infection along with washing hands, using a face mask, use of personal protective equipment kit, and social distancing.

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Tanusha Sharma, Archita Kikani, Charu Agrawal

Assessment of Knowledge and Awareness about Periodontal Health in Smoker Patients: A Questionnaire Study

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:31 - 33]

Keywords: Awareness, Knowledge, Periodontal health, Smoker patient

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1109  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim and objective: The questionnaire study was carried out to assess the knowledge and awareness about periodontal health and its effect on treatment outcomes in smoker patients. Materials and methods: A total of 15 close-ended questions were self-constructed. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 200 smoker patients. The questions were related to the knowledge and awareness pertaining to periodontal health in smoker patients. Results: The results showed that about 69% have poor knowledge of awareness of smoking on oral health and about 89% have poor knowledge on awareness of smoking on periodontal health. Conclusion: The study concluded that the awareness and knowledge level of periodontal health among smoker patients was very low.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

R Lakshmi Priya, N Manjula Devi, Manimannan Ganesan

Evaluation of First and Second Dose of COVID-19 Vaccination Using k-means Clustering Model and Visualization of Indian States and Union Territories

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:34 - 39]

Keywords: COVID-19 vaccination, Data science and visualization, k-means, NFHS, Silhouette distance score

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1104  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim and objective: This research paper was attempted to identify the pattern of COVID-19 vaccinated people of first and second doses using machine learning (ML) methods. Settings and designs: The secondary source of COVID-19 vaccination data was collected from the National Informatics Centre (NIC), India, up to April 30, 2021, based on Census 2011 data. The original data consist of total population, first dose, second dose, percentage of the first dose, percentage of the second dose, and the cumulative percentage of the population throughout the states and union territories of India. Materials and methods: Application of Orange data mining software determines the clusters and plots of the graph of vaccination data for various states and union territories of India. The file widget opens a new vaccination data set and performs k-means++ from two to nine with silhouette distances. Results: Silhouette distance scores and cluster information are achieved. The three zones are visualized and the zones are labeled as green, blue, and red. Cluster 1 (C1) zone indicates that states and union territories are highly vaccinated, cluster 2 (C2) zone indicates that states and union territories are moderately vaccinated, and the cluster 3 (C3) zone is low-vaccinated states and union territories of India. The different colors green, blue, and red of the zones are labeled as C1, C2, and C3, respectively. Conclusion: In India, Sikkim, Tripura, Ladakh, and Lakshadweep have a low population density but fall under the highly vaccinated zones of first and second doses. Goa, Mizoram, Delhi, Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Kerala, Jammu and Kashmir, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Andaman Nicobar Islands have diverse population density and come in the category of low-vaccinated zones of first and second doses. Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, West Bengal, Haryana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, and Bihar have high population density and are considered under moderately vaccinated zones of first- and second-dose COVID-19 vaccination.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Shiny Inasu, Biju Thomas

Indentation Corticotomy: Periodontally Promoted Orthodontic Treatment

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:40 - 43]

Keywords: Corticotomy, Esthetics, Osteogenic, Periodontium, Surgery

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1108  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

An interrelationship between orthodontist and the periodontist is necessary under various conditions. One of the most important aspects in which both parties must come upon agreement for the need of corticotomy is case selection. During orthodontic treatment, several types of malocclusion can be treated by altering the balance between apposition and resorption through selectively injuring the cortical plate of the alveolus which accelerates tooth movement, thereby reducing the risk of extraction and providing long-term stability support; such type of treatment plan is referred to as periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. This procedure involves selective alveolar decortications, placement of bone grafting material, along with application of orthodontic force. There are different types of corticotomy procedures such as circumscribed, triangular, and indentation, where each technique differs from each other based on their indication, contraindication, and limitations. Placement of bioabsorbable grafting material over the decortications site should be carried out at utmost care and followed by suturing the flap to a final position. After 1 or 2 weeks, orthodontic tooth movement begins.

CASE REPORT

Anubhav Roy, Poonam Khinnavar, DB Nandeeshawar

Restoring Partially Edentulous Mandibular Arch Using Prefabricated Metal Posts, Extracoronal Precision Attachment and Computer-aided Design/Computer-aided Manufacturing Prostheses: A Case Report

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:44 - 47]

Keywords: Cast partial denture, Partial edentulism, Precision attachment, Prefabricated metal post, Retention, Self-threaded post

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1105  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims and objectives: This article describes rehabilitation of mandibular partially edentulous arch in a patient who was dissatisfied with her previous partial denture. This case report discusses prosthetic rehabilitation after post and core of three mandibular teeth with minimal coronal structure and then using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAD) for the fabrication of the porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crowns and the cast partial denture framework. Background: In recent generation, the demand and awareness for quality treatment has been rapidly increasing. While treating a patient who is partially edentulous, principal attention is aesthetics, function and retention of the prostheses. Although attachments have a long history, many of the dental clinicians are hesitant to use these attachments in their day to day practice. The advantage of using these attachment-retained cast partial dentures is it improves aesthetics, provides comfort and function of the denture and at the same time fulfils patient's expectations. Case description: This case report describes 56-year-old female with the complaint of difficulty in mastication due to multiple missing teeth in the lower arch. It describes the clinical and the laboratory steps for prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient with mandibular partially edentulism using prefabricated metal posts, core build up, and cast partial denture with Preci-Vertix attachments. Clinical significance: This case report discusses a rehabilitation option for a patient who was unhappy with her previous prosthesis. The treatment planned here focuses on preserving the tooth present using post and core followed by fabrication of Preci-Vertix attachment prosthesis using CAD/CAM. Moreover, this resulted in prosthesis that was more precise with better retention and patient satisfaction.

CASE REPORT

Basavaraj Shrinivasa, Arun Marathuparambil, Berigai P Nirmala, Pallerla Srikanth

Psychosocial Issues Associated with Guillain-Barré Syndrome and Their Management: Case Descriptions

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:48 - 50]

Keywords: Guillain-Barré syndrome, Intervention, Psychosocial assessment

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1106  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a neurological condition affecting the peripheral nerves of the body often leading to functional deficit with variable course of recovery. Uncertain prognosis, dependency of the affected person, multiplicity of roles of the caregivers, and the subsequent financial burden can cause emotional turmoil in persons with illness and their caregivers. These psychosocial sequelae warrant psychosocial assessment and management. We present descriptions of such assessment and intervention carried out in the neurorehabilitation ward of a tertiary care hospital. This study aims to highlight the need for nonpharmacological management during neurological rehabilitation.

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